0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Complement Activation Accelerates Glomerular Injury in Diabetic Rats

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          A known inhibitor of the complement cascade (K-76 COONa) was administered to an inbred diabetic rat model to investigate whether the complement system may play a role in the progression of diabetic glomerulosclerosis. Drinking water containing K-76 COONa was available continuously to inbred diabetic rats (Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty, OLETF) from the age of 25 to 55 weeks (Group L). Drinking water without K-76 COONa was similarly available to OLETF rats (Group H) and nondiabetic control rats (Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka, LETO) (Group C). The levels of plasma glucose (mg/dl) at the 55th week were 156 ± 16 in Group C, 252 ± 18 in Group L and 349 ± 93 in Group H. There was no significant difference in the degree of diabetes between Group L and Group H. The levels of urinary protein at 55 weeks of age (mg/day) were 2.1 ± 0.4 in Group C, 11.6 ± 1.5 in Group L and 18.0 ± 2.8 in Group H. The level of urinary protein was significantly decreased by the administration of K-76 COONa. Histological examination of renal specimens from the sacrificed rats at 55 weeks of age revealed diffuse mesangial expansion in almost all glomeruli in Group H, exudative lesions in 30% of glomeruli in Group H, and only mild mesangial expansion was recognized in Group L. Immunofluorescence study revealed brilliant staining of C3 and immunoglobulins (Ig) in Group H; trace staining of Ig and no staining of C3 were recognized in Group L. The incubation study with guinea pig serum and glomeruli from rats revealed that Ig and complement components also bound to injured glomeruli in vitro. These data indicate that the complement cascade is activated by injured glomeruli and this activation exacerbates diabetic glomerulosclerosis.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 1

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          The case for intrarenal hypertension in the initiation and progression of diabetic and other glomerulopathies.

            Bookmark

            Author and article information

            Journal
            NEF
            Nephron
            10.1159/issn.1660-8151
            Nephron
            S. Karger AG
            1660-8151
            2235-3186
            1999
            1999
            10 February 1999
            : 81
            : 2
            : 208-214
            Affiliations
            Department of Internal Medicine II, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
            Article
            45278 Nephron 1999;81:208–214
            10.1159/000045278
            9933757
            © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 3, Tables: 2, References: 27, Pages: 7
            Product
            Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45278
            Categories
            Original Paper

            Comments

            Comment on this article