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      Evaluation of intervention effect of different health education on dietary behavior of high school students

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          Abstract

          Objective To understand the effects of different health education on dietary behavior of high school students, and to provide support for appropriate and healthy dietary education.

          Methods Five high schools were selected in Gulou District, Nanjing. Two classes were randomly selected from each high school for health education intervention. Questionnaire survey was conducted before and after intervention to compare the changes in dietary behaviors.

          Results After intervention, the dietary knowledge score for the control group was (9.79±2.28), and (14.66±2.71) for the intervention group, which was statistically significant (P< 0.01). For adolescents in the intervention group, no significant differences were found before and after intervention. However, significant differences in dietary knowledge score were found for the control group before and after intervention ( P<0.01). Dietary behavior score in the intervention group before intervention was (3.34±1.78) and increased significantly after intervention (5.05 土 1.79, P<0.01). There was no statistical significance before and after intervention in the control group ( P>0.05). After the intervention, dietary knowledge scores increased significantly in the education group, mobile APP intervention group, the lecture-based study group, and the classroom-based study work group after intervention (t = -10.196, –29.222, –5.721, –14.394, P<0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that mobile APP intervention group ( OR = 2.91), dietary knowledge score 為13 ( OR =4.43), age 為17 years ( OR = 3.72), classroom-based study group ( OR = 2.35) were positively associated with dietary behavior among high school students.

          Conclusion One-week intervention can effectively improve dietary knowledge and dietary behavior among high school students. Social media intervention shows promising effect on dietary behavior among high school students.

          Abstract

          【摘要】目的 了解不同健康教育方式对髙中学生膳食行为的影响效果,为髙中生合理健康饮食教育提供支持。 方 法 在南京市鼓楼区选取5所髙中,每所髙中在髙一和髙二年级再随机选取1个班级学生,每所髙中为1个组别,随机分 为手机APP干预组(112名)、讲座学习组(103名 )、宣传教育组(118名)、课堂自学组(114名)、对照组(108名)进行1周 的健康教育干预,干预前和干预后2周对膳食行为进行问卷调査,了解干预前后的变化和影响膳食行为的因素。 结果 干 预后对照组膳食知识得分为(9.79±2.28) 分,干预组为(14.66±2.71) 分,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01)。干预前干预组膳食 行为得分为(3.34±1.78) 分,干预后得分为(5.05±1.79) 分,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);对照组干预前后差异无统计学意 义(P>0.05)。干预后宣传教育组、手机APP干预组、讲座学习组、课堂小组学习组学生的膳食知识得分均显著髙于干预 前,差异均有统计学意义( t值分别为-10.20,-29.22,-5.72,-14.39,P值均= 0.00)。 结论1周的干预能够有效提髙髙中 生的膳食知识水平和膳食行为;新媒体干预方式对髙中学生膳食行为教育的干预效果最佳。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese School Health Editorial Department (China )
          1000-9817
          01 January 2020
          01 January 2020
          : 40
          : 1
          : 31-33
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Department of Physical Education, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing (211816), China
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2019.01.008
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2019.01.008
          7a6a13cd-9061-409e-b4a1-b751e7cda409
          © 2019 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Product
          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Health knowledge, attitude, practice,Health education,Students,Diet,Intervention studies

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