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      High-Precision Radiocarbon Age Calibration for Terrestrial and Marine Samples

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      Radiocarbon

      Cambridge University Press (CUP)

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          Abstract

          Single-year and decadal radiocarbon tree-ring ages are tabulated and discussed in terms of14C age calibration. The single-year data form the basis of a detailed14C age calibration curve for the cal ad 1510–1954 interval (“cal” denotes calibrated). The Seattle decadal data set (back to 11,617 cal BP, with 0 BP = ad 1950) is a component of the integrated decadal INTCAL9814C age curve (Stuiveret al.1998). Atmospheric14C ages can be transformed into14C ages of the global ocean using a carbon reservoir model. INTCAL9814C ages, used for these calculations, yield global ocean14C ages differing slightly from previously published ones (Stuiver and Braziunas 1993b). We include discussions of offsets, error multipliers, regional14C age differences and marine14C age response to oceanic and atmospheric forcing.

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          Most cited references 25

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          Extended 14C Data Base and Revised CALIB 3.0 14C Age Calibration Program

          The age calibration program, CALIB (Stuiver & Reimer 1986), first made available in 1986 and subsequently modified in 1987 (revision 2.0 and 2.1), has been amended anew. The 1993 program (revision 3.0) incorporates further refinements and a new calibration data set covering nearly 22,000 cal yr (≈18,40014C yr). The new data, and corrections to the previously used data set, derive from a 6-yr (1986–1992) time-scale calibration effort of several laboratories.
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            Discussion Reporting of 14C Data

            Count rates, representing the rate of 14C decay, are the basic data obtained in a 14C laboratory. The conversion of this information into an age or geochemical parameters appears a simple matter at first. However, the path between counting and suitable 14C data reporting (table 1) causes headaches to many. Minor deflections in pathway, depending on personal interpretations, are possible and give end results that are not always useful for inter-laboratory comparisons. This discussion is an attempt to identify some of these problems and to recommend certain procedures by which reporting ambiguities can be avoided.
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              Modeling Atmospheric 14C Influences and 14C Ages of Marine Samples to 10,000 BC

              The detailed radiocarbon agevs.calibrated (cal) age studies of tree rings reported in this Calibration Issue provide a unique data set for precise14C age calibration of materials formed in isotopic equilibrium with atmospheric CO2. The situation is more complex for organisms formed in other reservoirs, such as lakes and oceans. Here the initial specific14C activity may differ from that of the contemporaneous atmosphere. The measured remaining14C activity of samples formed in such reservoirs not only reflects14C decay (related to sample age) but also the reservoir14C activity. As the measured sample14C activity figures into the calculation of a conventional14C age (Stuiver & Polach 1977), apparent14C age differences occur when contemporaneously grown samples of different reservoirs are dated.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                applab
                Radiocarbon
                Radiocarbon
                Cambridge University Press (CUP)
                0033-8222
                1945-5755
                1998
                July 2016
                : 40
                : 03
                : 1127-1151
                Article
                10.1017/S0033822200019172
                © 1998

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