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      Resting technetium-99m methoxyisobutylisonitrile cardiac imaging in chronic coronary artery disease: comparison with rest-redistribution thallium-201 scintigraphy.

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          Abstract

          We studied 19 patients with angiographically proven coronary artery disease and left ventricular dysfunction (ejection fraction 33% +/- 8%) by resting technetium-99m methoxyisobutylisonitrile (99mTc-MIBI) and rest-redistribution thallium-201 cardiac imaging. Thallium and 99mTc-MIBI studies were visually analysed. Of 285 segments, 203 (71%) had normal thallium uptake, 48 (17%) showed reversible thallium defects and 34 (12%) showed irreversible thallium defects. Of these 34 irreversible thallium defects, 19 (56%) were moderate and 15 (44%) were severe. Of the corresponding 285 segments, 200 (70%) had normal 99mTc-MIBI uptake, while 37 (13%) showed moderate and 48 (17%) showed severe reduction of 99mTc-MIBI uptake. Myocardial segmental agreement for regional uptake score between initial thallium and resting 99mTc-MIBI images was 90% (kappa = 0.78). Segmental agreement between delayed thallium and resting 99mTc-MIBI images was 77% (kappa = 0.44). In particular, in 26 (9%) segments 99mTc-MIBI uptake was severely reduced while delayed thallium uptake was normal or only moderately reduced. These data suggest that although rest-redistribution thallium and resting 99mTc-MIBI cardiac imaging provide concordant results in the majority of myocardial segments, some segments with severely reduced resting 99mTc-MIBI uptake may contain viable but hypoperfused myocardium. Thus, conclusions on myocardial viability based on 99mTc-MIBI uptake should be made with caution in chronic coronary artery disease.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Eur J Nucl Med
          European journal of nuclear medicine
          Springer Science and Business Media LLC
          0340-6997
          0340-6997
          Dec 1993
          : 20
          : 12
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Nuclear Medicine, University Federico II, Napoli, Italy.
          Article
          10.1007/BF00171017
          8299654

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