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      A Simple Assessment of Peritoneal Transport in Stable Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis Patients

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          Abstract

          We studied the peritoneal transport properties in 175 stable continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients seeking a simple and handy assessment of peritoneal permeability to small solutes. Measurement of creatinine in biological fluid was known to suffer from interference by high glucose concentration in the sample. Furthermore, the interference is also affected by the creatinine concentration of the specimen. Peritoneal transport properties were studied by determining the dialysate to plasma ratio of creatinine concentration (D/P) at the fourth hour of the peritoneal equilibration test, and the mass transfer area coefficient of creatinine (MTACCr) or glucose (MTACGlu). The ratio of glucose concentration in peritoneal dialysate effluent (PDE) at 4 and 0 h (G4/G0) was examined and compared with various peritoneal parameters. There were significant logarithmic correlations between D/P or G4/G0 with MTACCr (r = 0.96 and 0.79, respectively, p < 0.0001). The correlation between G4/G0 and D/P was linear (r = –0.82, p < 0.0001). A fairly good agreement was present between G4/G0 and D/P by Bland and Altman’s method. The bias was –0.93% with 95% confidence interval –23.29% to 21.43% of the measured value. Systematic error was found when D/P or G4/G0 were compared with MTACCr. D/P under estimated MTACCr in the high range. The reverse happened for G4/G0. Net ultrafiltration (NUF) also correlated with MTACCr, D/P and G4/G0 (r = –0.32, p < 0.001; –0.26, p < 0.01; and 0.16, p < 0.05, respectively.In conclusion, the use of G4/G0 as a measure of peritoneal transport in CAPD is an acceptable alternative to D/P. It is highly reproducible and avoids correction of interference when creatinine transport parameters are measured. Because of the logarithmic relations of G4/G0 (or D/P) with MTACCr, the former should not be directly converted to MTACCr. Such a simple measure of peritoneal permeability is, however, most convenient for serial monitoring and can be useful to detect early loss of ultrafiltration or solute clearance.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          AJN
          Am J Nephrol
          10.1159/issn.0250-8095
          American Journal of Nephrology
          S. Karger AG
          0250-8095
          1421-9670
          1998
          August 1998
          05 June 1998
          : 18
          : 4
          : 311-317
          Affiliations
          Departments of a Medicine, and b Chemical Pathology, Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong
          Article
          13356 Am J Nephrol 1998;18:311–317
          10.1159/000013356
          9653835
          © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 5, Tables: 2, References: 17, Pages: 7
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/13356
          Categories
          Clinical Study

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Glucose transport, Peritoneal transport, MTACGlu, MTACCr, D/P, CAPD

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