School-aged children grow and develop rapidly, and adequate nutrition is the material basis for their normal intellectual and physical development. It is necessary to formulate the dietary guidelines for school-aged children on the basis of the dietary guidelines for the general population, and revise in time according to the changes in the nutritional health status of school-aged children. The revision of the dietary guidelines for school-aged children is based on the content of Dietary Guidelines for Chinese School-aged Children (2016). In addition, according to the revision principles and procedures of the Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents, as well as comprehensive consideration of the current prominent dietary and nutritional problems of school-aged children in China, Dietary Guidelines for Chinese School-aged Children (2022) is finally issued after evidence-based researches, discussion and consultation. Dietary Guidelines for Chinese School-aged Children (2022) highlights the improvement of nutritional literacy, the cultivation of healthy eating behaviors, the building of healthy food environment, as well as updating the recommendation concerning diet and active physical activity. Dietary pagodas for school-aged children of different three ages including 6–10 years, 11–13 years and 14–17 years are added to the guideline. The Guideline provides practical references for parents, teachers, school health workers, medical staff in child health services and workers in centers for disease control and prevention.
【摘要】 学龄儿童生长发育迅速, 充足的营养是其智力和体格正常发育的物质基础, 有必要在一般人群膳食指南的基础 上制定学龄儿童膳食指南, 并根据学龄儿童营养健康变化情况进行及时修订。《中国学龄儿童膳食指南 (2022)》是在《中 国学龄儿童膳食指南 (2016)》基础上, 依据《中国居民膳食指南》的修订原则和程序, 综合考虑中国学龄儿童目前突出的膳 食营养问题, 经过循证、讨论和征求意见形成的。《中国学龄儿童膳食指南 (2022)》中突出强调了提髙学龄儿童的营养素 养、培养健康饮食行为和共建健康食物环境, 并提出合理膳食和积极身体活动的指导性建议, 增加了 6~10、11~13和14~17岁3个年龄段的平衡膳食宝塔, 为家长、教师、学校卫生工作者、儿童保健人员及疾病预防控制工作人员等提供参考。