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      Automated text analysis in psychology: methods, applications, and future developments

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      Language and Cognition

      Cambridge University Press (CUP)

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          abstract

          Recent years have seen rapid developments in automated text analysis methods focused on measuring psychological and demographic properties. While this development has mainly been driven by computer scientists and computational linguists, such methods can be of great value for social scientists in general, and for psychologists in particular. In this paper, we review some of the most popular approaches to automated text analysis from the perspective of social scientists, and give examples of their applications in different theoretical domains. After describing some of the pros and cons of these methods, we speculate about future methodological developments, and how they might change social sciences. We conclude that, despite the fact that current methods have many disadvantages and pitfalls compared to more traditional methods of data collection, the constant increase of computational power and the wide availability of textual data will inevitably make automated text analysis a common tool for psychologists.

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          Most cited references 33

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          Über das Elektrenkephalogramm des Menschen

           Hans Berger (1929)
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            Linguistic styles: language use as an individual difference.

            Can language use reflect personality style? Studies examined the reliability, factor structure, and validity of written language using a word-based, computerized text analysis program. Daily diaries from 15 substance abuse inpatients, daily writing assignments from 35 students, and journal abstracts from 40 social psychologists demonstrated good internal consistency for over 36 language dimensions. Analyses of the best 15 language dimensions from essays by 838 students yielded 4 factors that replicated across written samples from another 381 students. Finally, linguistic profiles from writing samples were compared with Thematic Apperception Test coding, self-reports, and behavioral measures from 79 students and with self-reports of a 5-factor measure and health markers from more than 1,200 students. Despite modest effect sizes, the data suggest that linguistic style is an independent and meaningful way of exploring personality.
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              Intuitive ethics: how innately prepared intuitions generate culturally variable virtues

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                applab
                Language and Cognition
                Lang. cogn.
                Cambridge University Press (CUP)
                1866-9808
                1866-9859
                June 2015
                July 31 2014
                : 7
                : 02
                : 265-290
                Article
                10.1017/langcog.2014.30
                © 2014

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