This study examined the refractive and visual outcome of wavefront-optimized laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) in eyes with low myopia and compound myopic astigmatism ≤ 0.75 diopter (D).
153 eyes from 153 consecutive myopic patients (74 male, 79 female; mean age at surgery 40.4 ± 10.4 years) who had a preoperative refractive cylinder ≤ 0.75 D and a manifest sphere between -0.25 D and -2.75 D, and who had completed 4-month follow-up. Three subgroups defined by the magnitude of preoperative manifest refractive cylinder (0.25, 0.50, and 0.75 D) were formed. Manifest refraction, uncorrected and corrected visual acuity were assessed pre- and postoperatively. The astigmatic changes achieved were determined using the Alpins vector analysis.
After 4 months (120.0 ± 27.6 days) of follow-up, a mean uncorrected distant visual acuity of 0.07 ± 0.11 logMAR and a mean manifest refraction spherical equivalent of -0.06 ± 0.56 D were found. There was no statistically significant difference in efficacy and safety between the preoperative cylinder groups. Astigmatic overcorrection for preoperative cylinder of ≤ 0.50 D was suggested by the correction index, the magnitude of error, the index of success, and the flattening index.
Low myopic eyes with a preoperative cylinder of ≤ 0.50 D were significantly overcorrected with regard to cylinder correction when combined with low myopic LASIK. Accordingly, we are cautious in recommending full astigmatic correction for eyes with low myopia and manifest cylinder of ≤ 0.50 D.