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      Characterization of Cross nanofluid based on infinite shear rate viscosity with inclination of magnetic dipole over a three‐dimensional bidirectional stretching sheet

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          Abstract

          Fluid viscosity manages several engineering processes and keeps its leading role in lubrication models, biological models, polymer processes, melt solutions, colloidal suspensions, and mayonnaise. The cross viscosity model is the most appropriate model, which interprets the key features of non‐Newtonian fluids in the region of shear‐thinning/thickening when very high and very low shear rates are applied. This article focuses on the mathematical model of three‐dimensional Cross nanofluid and interprets its aspect of infinite shear rate of viscosity over the expanding sheet. Velocity is studied through placing inclined magnetic dipole effect, transportation phenomenon is brought by considering the radiation effects, heat generation and chemical process is engaged for concentration of nanoparticles. The geometry of this mathematical model is expanding the stretching sheet with velocity slip, and convective heat conditions are associated. Similarity variables are being utilized for conversion dimensional mathematical model into nondimensional one. For the pursuit of numerical solution of the system of nondimensional mathematical model, the numerical technique Bvp4c is utilized. Furthermore, Matlab graphs and statistical analysis for all physical parameters and physical quantities are shown in the result and debate section. Due to inclination of angle Lorentz force producing in increasing manner, hence flow is opposed, and velocity of fluid is dropped for () and () and for increasing value of n index, the velocity of fluid flow is decreasing.

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          Recent advances in modeling and simulation of nanofluid flows-Part I: Fundamental and theory

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            Recent advances on nanofluids for low to medium temperature solar collectors: energy, exergy, economic analysis and environmental impact

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              Is Open Access

              Simultaneous solutions for first order and second order slips on micropolar fluid flow across a convective surface in the presence of Lorentz force and variable heat source/sink

              This report presents the flow and heat transfer characteristics of MHD micropolar fluid due to the stretching of a surface with second order velocity slip. The influence of nonlinear radiation and irregular heat source/sink are anticipated. Simultaneous solutions are presented for first and second-order velocity slips. The PDEs which govern the flow have been transformed as ODEs by the choice of suitable similarity transformations. The transformed nonlinear ODEs are converted into linear by shooting method then solved numerically by fourth-order Runge-Kutta method. Graphs are drowned to discern the effect of varied nondimensional parameters on the flow fields (velocity, microrotation, and temperature). Along with them the coefficients of Skin friction, couple stress, and local Nussel number are also anticipated and portrayed with the support of the table. The results unveil that the non-uniform heat source/sink and non-linear radiation parameters plays a key role in the heat transfer performance. Also, second-order slip velocity causes strengthen in the distribution of velocity but a reduction in the distribution of temperature is perceived.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                (View ORCID Profile)
                (View ORCID Profile)
                Journal
                Heat Transfer
                Heat Trans
                Wiley
                2688-4534
                2688-4542
                December 2022
                June 30 2022
                December 2022
                : 51
                : 8
                : 7287-7306
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Department of Mathematics Hazara University Mansehra Mansehra Pakistan
                [2 ] Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Chota Cajamarca Peru
                [3 ] Universidad Nacional de Frontera Sullana Peru
                Article
                10.1002/htj.22644
                7adcfaab-68fd-4bf2-bed1-26e7e1a57ca5
                © 2022

                http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/termsAndConditions#vor

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