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      Estoque de carbono na biomassa de plantações de eucalipto na região centro-leste do estado de Minas Gerais Translated title: Carbon stock in the biomass of eucalyptus crops in central-east region of the state of Minas Gerais - Brazil

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          Os ecossistemas florestais representam alternativa viável para mitigar o aumento da concentração de CO2 na atmosfera, via fixação do carbono (C) pelas árvores e seu armazenamento na biomassa e no solo, mas tais informações são escassas. Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a produção de matéria seca da parte aérea, de raízes e da manta orgânica depositada sobre o solo e o estoque de C de árvores em plantações de eucalipto com diferentes idades na região Centro-Leste do Estado de Minas Gerais, abrangendo cinco regiões: Cocais (CO), Rio Doce (RD), Sabinópolis (SA), Santa Bárbara (SB) e Virginópolis (VI). Quanto à produção de matéria seca, a região mais produtiva, aos 84 meses de idade, foi SA, com 32,80 t ha-1 ano-1 de parte aérea e raízes, decrescendo nos anos seguintes até atingir 31,18 t ha-1 ano-1 aos 120 meses de idade. Para essa mesma comparação, nas regiões de RD e SB observaram-se produtividades de 29,92 e 29,70 t ha-1 ano-1 aos 84 meses e 21,09 e 25,21 t ha-1 ano-1 aos 120 meses de idade, respectivamente. Constatou-se que a estabilização da produtividade ocorreu após 96 meses de idade em SA e aos 84 meses para as regiões de RD e SB. No tocante às regiões de CO e VI, a produtividade e o estoque de C médio anuais mantiveram taxas crescentes até 120 meses de idade, indicando que a maior produtividade ocorre em idades mais avançadas. A produtividade e o estoque de C médio dessas plantações foram, respectivamente, de 26,96 t ha-1 ano-1 de biomassa e 13,64 t ha-1 ano-1 de C.

          Translated abstract

          Forest ecosystems are a viable possibility to mitigate the increase in concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere by carbon (C) sequestration by the trees and its storage in biomass and in the soil, but such information are scarce. The main objective of this study was to assess production of dry matter of aerial section, roots and litter layer on the soil and C stock of trees in eucalyptus crops in the Central-East region of Minas Gerais State, Brazil, in five regions: Cocais (CO), Rio Doce (RD), Sabinópolis (SB), Santa Bárbara (SA), and Virginópolis (VI). Regarding dry matter production, the most productive region was SA, with 32.80 t ha-1 yr-1, in trees at 84 months of age and 21.09 and 25.21 t ha-1 yr-1 in trees at 120 months of age, respectively. Stabilization of productivity was after 96 months of age in SA and at 84 months of age for RD and SB. For region CO and VI, productivy and average year C stock maintained increasing rates until 120 months of age, showing that the greatest productivy occurs in advanced ages. Productivity and average C stock of those crops were 26.96 t ha-1 yr-1 of biomass and 13.64 t ha-1 yr-1 C.

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          Most cited references 31

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          Carbon allocation in forest ecosystems

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            Variation in aboveground tree live biomass in a central Amazonian Forest: Effects of soil and topography

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              Carbon sequestration in the trees, products and soils of forest plantations: an analysis using UK examples.

               R Dewar,  M G Cannell (1992)
              A carbon-flow model for managed forest plantations was used to estimate carbon storage in UK plantations differing in Yield Class (growth rate), thinning regime and species characteristics. Time-averaged, total carbon storage (at equilibrium) was generally in the range 40-80 Mg C ha(-1) in trees, 15-25 Mg C ha(-1) in above- and belowground litter, 70-90 Mg C ha(-1) in soil organic matter and 20-40 Mg C ha(-1) in wood products (assuming product lifetime equalled rotation length). The rate of carbon storage during the first rotation in most plantations was in the range 2-5 Mg C ha(-1) year(-1).A sensitivity analysis revealed the following processes to be both uncertain and critical: the fraction of total woody biomass in branches and roots; litter and soil organic matter decomposition rates; and rates of fine root turnover. Other variables, including the time to canopy closure and the possibility of accelerated decomposition after harvest, were less critical. The lifetime of wood products was not critical to total carbon storage because wood products formed only a modest fraction of the total.The average increase in total carbon storage in the tree-soil-product system per unit increase in Yield Class (m(3) ha(-1) year(-1)) for unthinned Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr. plantations was 5.6 Mg C ha(-1). Increasing the Yield Class from 6 to 24 m(3) ha(-1) year(-1) increased the rate of carbon storage in the first rotation from 2.5 to 5.6 Mg C ha(-1) year(-1) in unthinned plantations. Thinning reduced total carbon storage in P. sitchensis plantations by about 15%, and is likely to reduce carbon storage in all plantation types.If the objective is to store carbon rapidly in the short term and achieve high carbon storage in the long term, Populus plantations growing on fertile land (2.7 m spacing, 26-year rotations, Yield Class 12) were the best option examined. If the objective is to achieve high carbon storage in the medium term (50 years) without regard to the initial rate of storage, then plantations of conifers of any species with above-average Yield Classes would suffice. In the long term (100 years), broadleaved plantations of oak and beech store as much carbon as conifer plantations. Mini-rotations (10 years) do not achieve a high carbon storage.

                Author and article information

                Revista Árvore
                Rev. Árvore
                Sociedade de Investigações Florestais (Viçosa, MG, Brazil )
                August 2011
                : 35
                : 4
                : 895-905
                orgnameUniversidade Federal de Viçosa orgdiv1Departamento de Solos Brasil <nfbarrosufv.br>, <rfnovaisufv.br> e <ivosilva@ 123456ufv.br>
                orgnameUniversidade de Brasília orgdiv1Departamento de Engenharia Florestal Brasil alcidesgatto@ 123456unb.br
                orgnameUFV orgdiv1Departamento de Solos
                orgnameUFV orgdiv1Departamento de Engenharia Florestal hgleite@ 123456ufv.br
                S0100-67622011000500015 S0100-6762(11)03500415

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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