A novel electrochemical sensor has been constructed by use of a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) coated with a gold nanoparticle/choline (GNP/Ch). Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), field emission scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used to characterize the properties of this modified electrode. It was demonstrated that choline was covalently bounded on the surface of glassy carbon electrode, and deposited gold nanoparticles with average size of about 100nm uniformly distributed on the surface of Ch. Moreover, the modified electrode exhibits strong electrochemical catalytic activity toward the oxidation of dopamine (DA), ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA) with obviously reduction of overpotentials. For the ternary mixture containing DA, AA and UA, these three compounds can be well separated from each other, allowing simultaneously determination of DA and UA under coexistence of AA. The proposed method can be applied to detect DA and UA in real samples with satisfactory results.