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      Secretion of Noncomplexed ‘Big’ (10–18 kD) Forms of Insulin-Like Growth Factor-II by 12 Soft Tissue Sarcoma Cell Lines

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          Abstract

          The paraneoplastic production of pro-insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) forms causes tumour hypoglycaemias and presumably also has an effect on tumour cell growth. We investigated the molecular weights of IGF-II forms and their ability to form complexes with IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs) in conditioned culture media (CM) from 12 paediatric soft tissue sarcoma (STS) cell lines and from two healthy fibroblast lines. Untreated CM were separated by size exclusion chromatography using biocompatible HPLC. Subsequently, IGF-II, IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-3 were determined in the HPLC fractions by specific RIAs. In the CM, IGF-II concentrations between 0.5 and 8.6 ng/10<sup>6</sup> cells were measured but no IGF-I was detectable. Parallel to this investigation, a high IGF-II mRNA level averaging 44.4 ± 29.7% was measured by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. The STS cell lines secreted a higher proportion of big-IGF-II forms reaching 10–18 kD (10–33% of the total IGF-II secreted) compared to the healthy fibroblasts (2.5–5%). At the same time, the proportion of IGF-II bound with IGFBP in complexes of 35– 70 kD and 150 kD was reduced by up to 85% in CM from tumour cells. The tumour cell lines apparently secrete a different spectrum of IGF-II forms than healthy fibroblasts. The reduced ability to form complexes with IGFBP and the higher molecular weight of the IGF-II forms produced by the tumour cells indicate that these forms could in fact be the known tumour-associated pro-IGF-II forms. Due to these characteristics, the big-IGF-II forms probably have an altered biological effect on the tumour cells when compared to IGF-II.

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          Most cited references 3

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          Insulin-like growth factors and their binding proteins: biological actions

           J Jones (1995)
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            Increased expression of the insulin-like growth factor-II gene in Wilms' tumor is not dependent on loss of genomic imprinting or loss of heterozygosity.

            Loss of imprinting of insulin-like growth factor-II gene (IGF2) and/or loss of heterozygosity at the 11p15 loci have been postulated to be responsible for IGF2 overexpression in Wilms' tumor. In order to delineate the mechanism of IGF2 overexpression in Wilms' tumors, we have genotyped the 11p15-11p13 chromosomal region and determined allelic expression of IGF2 and H19 in both tumor tissue and in normal adjacent kidney tissue from 40 patients with Wilms' tumor. In five of the eight subjects informative for the ApaI IGF2 polymorphism, loss of imprinting of IGF2 was observed in both normal and tumor tissues. A significant increase (>5-fold) in IGF2 expression in tumor tissues compared to the normal adjacent kidney tissue was observed regardless of the IGF2 imprinting or the chromosome 11p15 heterozygosity status. In each case, the overexpression of IGF2 in the tumors was accompanied by activation of all four IGF2 promoters. Our data indicate that alterations of IGF2 imprinting occurred in normal adjacent kidney tissue before tumorigenesis and that the IGF2 overexpression in Wilms' tumor tissue occurs through a loss of heterozygosity- or loss of imprinting-independent process.
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              Post-translational Processing of the Insulin-like Growth Factor-2 Precursor

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                HRE
                Horm Res Paediatr
                10.1159/issn.1663-2818
                Hormone Research in Paediatrics
                S. Karger AG
                1663-2818
                1663-2826
                1999
                March 2000
                09 March 2000
                : 52
                : 4
                : 178-185
                Affiliations
                aPaediatric Endocrinology, University Children’s Hospital, Tübingen, and bDepartment of Oncology/Haematology, Olga Hospital, Stuttgart, Germany
                Article
                23458 Horm Res 1999;52:178–185
                10.1159/000023458
                10725783
                © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 2, References: 20, Pages: 8
                Categories
                Original Paper

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