Larval Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) were exposed to seven different entomopathogenic nematode species to test their potential infectivity in a laboratory setting. Known D. virgifera-infecting nematode species Heterorhabditis bacteriophora Poinar, Heterorhabditis megidis Poinar, Jackson & Klein, Steinernema feltiae Filipjev, and Steinernema carpocapsae Weiser were tested in a concerted experiment alongside Steinernema diaprepesi Nguyen & Duncan, Steinernema riobrave Cabanillas, Poinar & Raulston, and a Missouri wild-type H. bacteriophora which have not been previously tested on D. virgifera. The species S. rarum Doucet was tested separately for D. virgifera infectivity. Third-instar D. virgifera were exposed to either 60 or 120 nematodes per larva for 6 d. Following exposure, mortality was recorded and larvae were examined to determine the presence of active nematode infections. Results indicated a significantly higher proportion of larvae with active infections from the Heterorhabditidae species and S. diaprepesi than the other Steinernematidae species for both exposure rates; mortality data indicated a similar trend. Steinernema rarum showed almost no infectivity in laboratory experiments.