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      New Technique for Simultaneous Catheter Mapping of Pulmonary Veins for Catheter Ablation in Focal Atrial Fibrillation

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          Abstract

          Introduction: Most focal atrial fibrillation (AF) can be triggered by premature beats from pulmonary veins (PVs), and ablation of these foci could cure AF. However, it is difficult to locate the trigger points of PVs using only one mapping catheter. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of using four mapping catheters in four PVs simultaneously in the ablation of focal AF. Methods and Results: Thirty-two patients with frequent attacks of paroxysmal AF triggered by PV foci were included. After a transseptal procedure, three 2-french microcatheters and one 7-french catheter for ablation were placed into each of the PVs, and mapping of the four PVs was performed simultaneously. Fifty-eight foci were identified; 51 triggers (88%) originated from the PV and 7 (12%) from atrial tissue. The trigger points of AF were found in a single focus in 14 patients, in 2 foci in 12 patients, and in 3–4 foci in 6 patients. During a mean follow-up period of 10 ± 4 months, ablation eliminated AF without drugs in 86, 50 and 33% of the patients with 1, 2 and 3–4 targeted PVs, respectively; 20 patients (63%) were successfully ablated. Age, history of AF, the dimension of the left atrium and the number of focal origins were significant predictors of success. Conclusion: The technique of simultaneous mapping of PVs using quadruple catheters is a feasible and effective method for mapping the trigger points and ablation of focal AF originating from PVs.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          2000
          April 2001
          26 April 2001
          : 94
          : 4
          : 233-238
          Affiliations
          Department of Cardiology, Fukuoka University School of Medicine, Fukuoka, Japan
          Article
          47323 Cardiology 2000;94:233–238
          10.1159/000047323
          11326144
          © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 4, Tables: 1, References: 5, Pages: 6
          Categories
          Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Electrocardiography

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