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Rapid Detection of Ascorbic Acid Based on a Dual-Electrode Sensor System Using a Powder Microelectrode Embedded with Carboxyl Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

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      Abstract

      In this paper, carboxyl groups were introduced by liquid oxidation methods onto multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) to improve the MWCNTs’ electrocatalytic properties. A platinum wire microelectrode (ME) was corroded using aqua regia and subsequently embedded with MWCNTs to achieve more active sites, producing a so-called powder microelectrode (PME). Compared with conventional MEs, the PME has a larger specific surface area and more active sites. When PME was used to detect ascorbic acid (AA), the AA oxidation potential shifted negatively and current peak was visibly increased. The calibration curve obtained for AA was in a range of 5.00 × 10 −6~9.50 × 10 −4 mol·L −1: I pa (μA) = 3.259 × 10 −2 + 1.801 × 10 2 C (mol·L −1) under the optimum testing conditions. Moreover, the detection and quantitation limits were confirmed at 4.89 × 10 −7 mol·L −1 and 1.63 × 10 −7 mol·L −1, respectively. When the fabricated PME was practically applied to detect AA, it was shown a recovery rate of 94~107% with relative standard deviation (RSD) <5%. The proposed strategy thus offers a promising, rapid, selective and low-cost approach to effective analysis of AA.

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      Most cited references 51

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      Theory of Stationary Electrode Polarography. Single Scan and Cyclic Methods Applied to Reversible, Irreversible, and Kinetic Systems.

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        Ascorbic acid: much more than just an antioxidant.

        Vitamin C (ascorbic acid (AA)) is very popular for its antioxidant properties. Consequently, many other important aspects of this multifaceted molecule are often underestimated or even ignored. In the present paper, we have tried to bring to the foreground some of these aspects, including the peculiarities of the AA biosynthetic pathway in different organisms, the remarkable function of AA as a co-substrate of many important dioxygenases, the role of AA-regenerating enzymes and the known pathways of AA catabolism, as well as the intriguing function of AA in gene expression.
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          Role of carbon nanotubes in electroanalytical chemistry: a review.

          This review covers recent advances in the development of new designs of electrochemical sensors and biosensors that make use of electrode surfaces modification with carbon nanotubes. Applications based on carbon nanotubes-driven electrocatalytic effects, and the construction and analytical usefulness of new hybrid materials with polymers or other nanomaterials will be treated. Moreover, electrochemical detection using carbon nanotubes-modified electrodes as detecting systems in separation techniques such as high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) or capillary electrophoresis (CE) will be also considered. Finally, the preparation of electrochemical biosensors, including enzyme electrodes, immunosensors and DNA biosensors, in which carbon nanotubes play a significant role in their sensing performance will be separately considered.
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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            School of Food Science and Technology, Henan University of Technology, Lianhua Road 100#, Zhengzhou 450001, China; zhangjunxia6163@ 123456126.com
            Author notes
            [* ]Correspondence: baoshanhe2008@ 123456haut.edu.cn ; Tel.: +86-0371-6775-8022
            Journal
            Sensors (Basel)
            Sensors (Basel)
            sensors
            Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)
            MDPI
            1424-8220
            02 July 2017
            July 2017
            : 17
            : 7
            28671599 5539719 10.3390/s17071549 sensors-17-01549
            © 2017 by the authors.

            Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

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