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      Creación de un cuestionario de clima organizacional para hospitales de alta complejidad, Chile Translated title: Creation of a Questionnaire of Organizational Climate for Hospitals of High Complexity, Chile Translated title: Criação de um questionário de clima organizacional para hospitais de alta complexidade, Chile

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          Abstract

          En el contexto de un sector salud chileno en proceso de transformaciones, se propuso crear un cuestionario validado para medir el clima organizacional en hospitales de alta complejidad. Para su formulación se identificaron dimensiones y variables de diversos autores y se revisaron diferentes cuestionarios, validaciones y constructos utilizados en diferentes propuestas a nivel internacional. La investigación es de tipo descriptivo, cuantitativo e inferencial y se realizó sobre una base de datos de 561 empleados hospitalarios, a quienes se les aplicó un cuestionario por la vía de una entrevista personalizada en el lugar de trabajo, que consta de 71 variables agrupadas en 14 dimensiones. La aplicación del instrumento, así como los estudios de validez y de confiabilidad, permitieron dar origen a un nuevo cuestionario validado que cuenta con 10 factores y 44 reactivos de alta confiabilidad, que explican el 52,181% de la varianza total, alcanzando un alfa de Cronbach total de 0,89.

          Translated abstract

          In the context of a Chilean health sector undergoing a process of transformations, it was proposed to create a validated questionnaire to measure the organizational climate in high complexity hospitals. In order to prepare it, dimensions and variables by diverse authors were identified and diverse questionnaires, validations and constructs used in different proposals at the international level were reviewed. The research is descriptive, quantitative and inferential and it was conducted on a database of 561 hospital employees, to whom a questionnaire was applied, through a personalized interview at their work place, consisting of 71 variables grouped in 14 dimensions. The application of the instrument, as well as the validity and reliability studies, allowed giving origin to a new validated questionnaire with 10 factors and 44 high-reliability reagents that explain 52.181 % of the total variance, reaching a total Cronbach's alpha 0.89.

          Translated abstract

          No contexto de um processo de transformações do setor saúde chileno, propõe-se criar um questionário validado para medir o clima organizacional em hospitais de alta complexidade. Para sua formulação dimensões e variáveis de diversos autores foram identificadas e se revisaram diferentes questionários, validações e construtos utilizados em diferentes propostas do nível internacional. A pesquisa é de tipo descritivo, quantitativo e inferencial e foi realizado sobre uma base de dados de 561 funcionários hospitalares, a quem foi aplicado questionário pela via de entrevista pessoalizada no local de trabalho, que consta de 71 variáveis agrupadas em 14 dimensões. A aplicação do instrumento, bem como os estudos de validez e confiabilidade, permitiu dar origem a um novo questionário validado que conta com 10 fatores e 44 reagente de alta confiabilidade, que explicam o 52,181% da variância total, atingindo um alfa de Cronbach total de 0,89.

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          Most cited references60

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          The impact of organizational climate on safety climate and individual behavior

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            Validating the organizational climate measure: links to managerial practices, productivity and innovation

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              Psychological climate: Dimensions and relationships of individual and aggregated work environment perceptions

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                rgps
                Revista Gerencia y Políticas de Salud
                Rev. Gerenc. Polit. Salud
                Pontificia Universidad Javeriana (Bogotá, Distrito Capital, Colombia )
                1657-7027
                June 2016
                : 15
                : 30
                : 126-141
                Affiliations
                [02] Guayaquil orgnameUniversidad Católica de Santiago de Guayaquil Ecuador maria.lapo@ 123456cu.ucsg.edu.ec
                [03] orgnameUniversidad de Talca Campus Lircay mgrandon@ 123456utalca.cl
                [01] Talca orgnameUniversidad de Talca Chile mabu@ 123456utalca.cl
                Article
                S1657-70272016000100010
                10.11144/Javeriana.rgyps15-30.ccco
                7bfd4082-fd8e-4139-bb34-09c45d10016c

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                History
                : 15 January 2016
                : 15 May 2016
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 61, Pages: 16
                Product

                SciELO Colombia


                behavioral research,organizational climate,behavioral sciences,behavioral disciplines and activities,social psychology,psychological interview,clima organizacional,ciências da conduta,disciplinas e atividades condutuais,pesquisa condutual,psicologia social,entrevista psicológica,ciencias de la conducta,disciplinas y actividades conductuales,investigación conductal,psicología social

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