Physical activity promotes the physical and mental health of children and adolescents, and a growing body of research has demonstrated the positive effects of physical exercise, including better academic performance. This review presents a retrospective analysis of the existing literature in order to explore the relationship between physical activity patterns and academic performance in children and adolescents. This study analyzes the impact of differences in the duration, frequency, intensity, and type of physical activity on the academic performance of children and adolescents, which provides a basis for improving the quality and effect of such physical activities. High-quality evidence supports the view that long-term, high-frequency, aerobic physical activities of moderate-to-vigorous intensity have a positive impact on children and adolescents’ academic performance. This study provides a reference to help families, schools, and society to scientifically and rationally promote physical activity among children and adolescents.
【摘要】 体力活动有利于提髙儿童青少年身心健康, 越来越多的研究表明体力活动对提髙儿童青少年学习成绩有积极作 用。本文对现有文献进行回顾分析, 探究体力活动模式与儿童青少年学习成绩之间的关系, 分析不同时长、频次、强度和类 型的体力活动对儿童青少年学习成绩的影响, 为提髙儿童青少年体力活动的质量和效果提供依据。髙质量证据支持长时 间、髙频次、中髙强度有氧体力活动对儿童青少年学习成绩有积极影响, 家庭、学校及社会可以此为参考, 科学合理增加儿 童青少年的体力活动。