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      Intra-and-Inter-Constraint-based Video Enhancement based on Piecewise Tone Mapping

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          Abstract

          Video enhancement plays an important role in various video applications. In this paper, we propose a new intra-and-inter-constraint-based video enhancement approach aiming to 1) achieve high intra-frame quality of the entire picture where multiple region-of-interests (ROIs) can be adaptively and simultaneously enhanced, and 2) guarantee the inter-frame quality consistencies among video frames. We first analyze features from different ROIs and create a piecewise tone mapping curve for the entire frame such that the intra-frame quality of a frame can be enhanced. We further introduce new inter-frame constraints to improve the temporal quality consistency. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm obviously outperforms the state-of-the-art algorithms.

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          Color transfer between images

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            Adaptive image contrast enhancement using generalizations of histogram equalization.

             J.A. Stark (2000)
            This paper proposes a scheme for adaptive image-contrast enhancement based on a generalization of histogram equalization (HE). HE is a useful technique for improving image contrast, but its effect is too severe for many purposes. However, dramatically different results can be obtained with relatively minor modifications. A concise description of adaptive HE is set out, and this framework is used in a discussion of past suggestions for variations on HE. A key feature of this formalism is a "cumulation function," which is used to generate a grey level mapping from the local histogram. By choosing alternative forms of cumulation function one can achieve a wide variety of effects. A specific form is proposed. Through the variation of one or two parameters, the resulting process can produce a range of degrees of contrast enhancement, at one extreme leaving the image unchanged, at another yielding full adaptive equalization.
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              A histogram modification framework and its application for image contrast enhancement.

              A general framework based on histogram equalization for image contrast enhancement is presented. In this framework, contrast enhancement is posed as an optimization problem that minimizes a cost function. Histogram equalization is an effective technique for contrast enhancement. However, a conventional histogram equalization (HE) usually results in excessive contrast enhancement, which in turn gives the processed image an unnatural look and creates visual artifacts. By introducing specifically designed penalty terms, the level of contrast enhancement can be adjusted; noise robustness, white/black stretching and mean-brightness preservation may easily be incorporated into the optimization. Analytic solutions for some of the important criteria are presented. Finally, a low-complexity algorithm for contrast enhancement is presented, and its performance is demonstrated against a recently proposed method.
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                Journal
                1502.06080

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