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      Neutrophil and platelet activation at balloon-injured coronary artery plaque in patients undergoing angioplasty

      , , , ,

      Journal of the American College of Cardiology

      Elsevier BV

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          This study sought to investigate changes in the expression of activation-dependent adhesion receptors on neutrophils and platelets after exposure to the balloon-injured coronary artery plaque. Activation of blood cells at the balloon-injured coronary artery plaque may contribute to abrupt vessel closure and late restenosis after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. In 30 patients undergoing elective coronary angioplasty, blood specimens were obtained through the balloon catheter proximal to the plaque before dilation and distal to the plaque after dilation. Simultaneous blood samples obtained through the guiding catheter served as control samples. Total surface expression of the inducible fibrinogen receptor (CD41) and surface expression of the activated fibrinogen receptor (LIBS1) on platelets as well as Mac-1 (CD11b) and L-selectin (CD62L) surface expression on neutrophils were assessed by flow cytometry. After exposure to the dilated coronary artery plaque, surface expression of LIBS1 on platelets increased by 40.5 +/- 11.0 mean (+/-SE) fluorescence (p=0.001) and that of CD11b on neutrophils increased by 20.1 +/- 4.4 mean fluorescence (p=0.018). Concomitantly, anti-CD62L binding on neutrophils decreased by 6.6 +/- 2.4 mean fluorescence (p=0.022). In contrast, surface expression of the adhesion receptors did not change significantly between the coronary ostium and the prestenotic coronary segment. The results of this study demonstrate neutrophil and platelet activation at the balloon-injured coronary artery plaque. This cellular activation may serve as a target for pharmacologic interventions to improve the outcome of coronary angioplasty.

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          Author and article information

          Journal of the American College of Cardiology
          Journal of the American College of Cardiology
          Elsevier BV
          March 1996
          March 1996
          : 27
          : 4
          : 819-824
          © 1996


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