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      Description of Harpagorhynchus golvaneuzeti n. gen. n. sp. (Acanthocephala, Harpagorhynchinae n. sub-fam.) with a review of acanthocephalan parasites of soleid fishes in the Mediterranean Basin Translated title: Description de Harpagorhynchus golvaneuzeti n. gen. n. sp. (Acanthocephala, Harpagorhynchinae n. subfam.) et revue des acanthocéphales parasites de poissons soléidés dans le Bassin Méditerranéen

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      Parasite

      EDP Sciences

      Acanthocephala, Palaeacanthocephala, Echinorhynchidae, Soleidae, Solearhynchus, Mediterranean basin

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          Abstract

          A species of acanthocephalan new to science from soleid fishes in the Mediterranean Sea and the Sea of Marmara is described. The new species is characterised by individuals having a club-shaped proboscis armed with 12–13 rows of 6–7 rooted hooks of a single type, a basal cerebral ganglion, and tegumental spines on the anterior two thirds of the body. Males have six cement glands and females show spines around the genital opening. To accommodate this species, a new genus, Harpagorhynchus n. gen., and a new subfamily in Echinorhynchidae, Harpagorhynchinae n. sub-fam., are erected. A critical review of the literature on echinorhynchid species infecting soleid fishes in the Mediterranean basin showed that Solearhynchus soleae (Porta, 1906) should be considered a junior synonym of S. rhytidotes (Monticelli, 1905) and that S. kostylewi (Meyer, 1932) is a valid species. An identification key of acanthocephalans of Mediterranean soleids is provided.

          Translated abstract

          Une nouvelle espèce d’acanthocéphale de poissons soléidés de la Mer Méditerranée et de la Mer Marmara est décrite. Cette nouvelle espèce est caractérisée par des individus ayant un proboscis ovoïde portant 12 à 13 rangées de 6 à 7 crochets d’un seul type et avec racine vraie, un ganglion cérébroïde au fond du réceptacle, et un tronc couvert d’épines cuticulaires sur ses deux tiers antérieurs. Les mâles ont six paires de glandes cémentaires et les femelles des épines génitales. Un nouveau genre, Harpagorhynchus n. gen., et une nouvelle sous famille, Harpagorhynchinae n. subfam., sont proposés pour attribuer une position taxonomique à cette nouvelle espèce. Une revue critique de la littérature sur les espèces d’échinorhynchidés qui infectent les poissons soléidés dans le Bassin Méditerranéen démontre que l’espèce Solearhynchus soleae (Porta, 1906) est un synonyme junior de S. rhytidotes (Monticelli, 1905) et que l’espèce S. kostylewi (Meyer, 1932) est valide. Une clé de détermination des acanthocéphales de poisons soléidés du Bassin Méditerranéen est incluse.

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          Most cited references 13

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          Classification of the acanthocephala.

           O Amin (2013)
          In 1985, Amin presented a new system for the classification of the Acanthocephala in Crompton and Nickol's (1985) book 'Biology of the Acanthocephala' and recognized the concepts of Meyer (1931, 1932, 1933) and Van Cleave (1936, 1941, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1952). This system became the standard for the taxonomy of this group and remains so to date. Many changes have taken place and many new genera and species, as well as higher taxa, have been described since. An updated version of the 1985 scheme incorporating new concepts in molecular taxonomy, gene sequencing and phylogenetic studies is presented. The hierarchy has undergone a total face lift with Amin's (1987) addition of a new class, Polyacanthocephala (and a new order and family) to remove inconsistencies in the class Palaeacanthocephala. Amin and Ha (2008) added a third order (and a new family) to the Palaeacanthocephala, Heteramorphida, which combines features from the palaeacanthocephalan families Polymorphidae and Heteracanthocephalidae. Other families and subfamilies have been added but some have been eliminated, e.g. the three subfamilies of Arythmacanthidae: Arhythmacanthinae Yamaguti, 1935; Neoacanthocephaloidinae Golvan, 1960; and Paracanthocephaloidinae Golvan, 1969. Amin (1985) listed 22 families, 122 genera and 903 species (4, 4 and 14 families; 13, 28 and 81 genera; 167, 167 and 569 species in Archiacanthocephala, Eoacanthocephala and Palaeacanthocephala, respectively). The number of taxa listed in the present treatment is 26 families (18% increase), 157 genera (29%), and 1298 species (44%) (4, 4 and 16; 18, 29 and 106; 189, 255 and 845, in the same order), which also includes 1 family, 1 genus and 4 species in the class Polyacanthocephala Amin, 1987, and 3 genera and 5 species in the fossil family Zhijinitidae.
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            Systematique des Acanthocephales (Acanthocephala Rudolphi, 1801), L'ordre des Palaeacanthocephala Meyer, 1931, La superfamille des Echinorhynchidea (Cobbold, 1876) Golvan et Houin 1973

             YJ Golvan,  Y-J Golvan (1969)
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              Acanthocephaloides cyrusi n. sp. (Acanthocephala: Arhythmacanthidae) from southeast African teleost fishes

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Parasite
                Parasite
                parasite
                Parasite
                EDP Sciences
                1252-607X
                1776-1042
                2019
                08 March 2019
                : 26
                : ( publisher-idID: parasite/2019/01 )
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Institute of Marine Biology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Pushkinska 37 65011 Odessa Ukraine
                [2 ] Department of Biology, College of Charleston Charleston SC 29412 USA
                Author notes
                [* ]Corresponding author: yuriy.kvach@ 123456gmail.com
                Article
                parasite190004 10.1051/parasite/2019012
                10.1051/parasite/2019012
                6407431
                30848245
                © Y. Kvach & I. de Buron, published by EDP Sciences, 2019

                This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Page count
                Figures: 2, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 22, Pages: 6
                Categories
                Research Article

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