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Research guidelines for the Delphi survey technique.

Journal of Advanced Nursing

Attitude of Health Personnel, Data Collection, methods, standards, Data Interpretation, Statistical, Delphi Technique, Ethics, Nursing, Guidelines as Topic, Humans, Nursing Research, Planning Techniques, Questionnaires, Reproducibility of Results, Research Design

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      Abstract

      Consensus methods such as the Delphi survey technique are being employed to help enhance effective decision-making in health and social care. The Delphi survey is a group facilitation technique, which is an iterative multistage process, designed to transform opinion into group consensus. It is a flexible approach, that is used commonly within the health and social sciences, yet little guidance exists to help researchers undertake this method of data collection. This paper aims to provide an understanding of the preparation, action steps and difficulties that are inherent within the Delphi. Used systematically and rigorously, the Delphi can contribute significantly to broadening knowledge within the nursing profession. However, careful thought must be given before using the method; there are key issues surrounding problem identification, researcher skills and data presentation that must be addressed. The paper does not claim to be definitive; it purports to act as a guide for those researchers who wish to exploit the Delphi methodology.

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      Most cited references 8

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      The Delphi Technique: An Adaptive Research Tool

       T. Sumsion (1998)
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        A critical review of the Delphi technique.

        The Delphi technique takes its name from the Greek god Apollo Pythias who, as master of Delphi, was renowned for his ability to predict the future. It has been defined by Reid ( 1 ) as: 'A method for the systematic collection and aggregation of informed judgements from a group of experts on specific questions or issues.' It is essentially a series of questionnaires; the first questionnaire sets out to gain a response to a broad subject and the subsequent questionnaires are built upon the responses of the preceding questionnaire ( 2 ). Three to five questionnaires may be required before consensus is reached.
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          The Delphi method: a useful tool for the allied health researcher

           AM Walker,  J Selfe (1996)
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