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      Moving from the terminology debate to a transdisciplinary understanding of the problem : Commentary on: Ten myths about work addiction (Griffiths et al., 2018)

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          Abstract

          This commentary considers a recent debate paper which presents and counters 10 work addiction myths. I reflect upon the proposal to move the field forward by distinguishing between, work addiction, which denotes a clinical phenomenon; and workaholism, a term used by the occupational psychology literature with little agreement about its defining dimensions beyond working compulsively. Rather than choosing between these two terms, I argue that addiction experts should lead a transdisciplinary integration of findings from studies where participants report both working compulsively and experiencing significant conflict. I also stress the importance of understanding the macro factors underlying this particular addiction.

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          Most cited references 42

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          A ‘components’ model of addiction within a biopsychosocial framework

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            Prevalence of the addictions: a problem of the majority or the minority?

            An increasing number of research studies over the last three decades suggest that a wide range of substance and process addictions may serve similar functions. The current article considers 11 such potential addictions (tobacco, alcohol, illicit drugs, eating, gambling, Internet, love, sex, exercise, work, and shopping), their prevalence, and co-occurrence, based on a systematic review of the literature. Data from 83 studies (each study n = at least 500 subjects) were presented and supplemented with small-scale data. Depending on which assumptions are made, overall 12-month prevalence of an addiction among U.S. adults varies from 15% to 61%. The authors assert that it is most plausible that 47% of the U.S. adult population suffers from maladaptive signs of an addictive disorder over a 12-month period and that it may be useful to think of addictions as due to problems of lifestyle as well as to person-level factors.
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              Dimensions, antecedents, and consequences of workaholism: a conceptual integration and extension

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                jba
                JBA
                Journal of Behavioral Addictions
                J Behav Addict
                Akadémiai Kiadó (Budapest )
                2062-5871
                2063-5303
                13 December 2018
                December 2018
                : 7
                : 4
                : 880-883
                Affiliations
                [ 1 ]Department of People and Organisations, Open University Business School , Milton Keynes, UK
                Author notes
                [* ]Corresponding address: Cristina Quinones; Department of People and Organisations, Open University Business School, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, UK; Phone: +44 01908 63 2763; E-mail: cristina.quinones@ 123456open.ac.uk
                Article
                10.1556/2006.7.2018.121
                6376396
                30541341
                © 2018 The Author(s)

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium for non-commercial purposes, provided the original author and source are credited, a link to the CC License is provided, and changes – if any – are indicated.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 33, Pages: 4
                Funding
                Funding sources: None.
                Categories
                COMMENTARY

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