11 July 2007
Valtropin is a recombinant human GH (rhGH) manufactured using a novel yeast expression system, classed as a ‘biosimilar’. Valtropin was compared with Humatrope in children with GH deficiency (GHD). Treatment-naive, prepubertal children with GHD were randomized to Valtropin (n = 98) or Humatrope (n = 49) for 1 year. Standing height was measured 3-monthly and height velocity (HV) calculated. Serum IGF-I, IGFBP-3 and GH antibodies were determined centrally. HV at 1 year was 11.3 ± 3.0 cm/year with Valtropin and 10.5 ± 2.8 cm/year with Humatrope. Treatment difference was 0.09 cm/year with 95% confidence limits of –0.71, 0.90, within the preset non-inferiority limit of –2.0 cm/year. Height standard deviation (SD) scores were increased in both treatment arms with no acceleration of bone maturation. IGF-I and IGFBP-3 were increased comparably for both treatments. Adverse events showed no clinically relevant differences between treatment groups. Anti-GH antibodies were detected in 3 (3.1%) Valtropin and 1 (2.0%) Humatrope patients and the growth pattern was indistinguishable from the rest of the cohort. The 1-year efficacy and safety profile of Valtropin, a new biosimilar rhGH, are equivalent to the comparator rhGH, Humatrope. Valtropin can be used for the treatment of children with GHD and longer term data will fully establish its efficacy and safety profile.