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      Code-switching within the noun phrase: Evidence from three corpora

      1 , 2
      International Journal of Bilingualism
      SAGE Publications

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          Abstract

          Aims and objectives/purpose/research questions:

          This study aims to improve our understanding of common switching patterns by examining determiner–noun–adjective complexes in code-switching (CS) in three language pairs (Welsh–English, Spanish–English and Papiamento–Dutch). The languages differ in gender and noun–adjective word order in the noun phrase (NP): (a) Spanish, Welsh, and Dutch have gender; English and Papiamento do not; (b) Spanish, Welsh, and Papiamento prefer post-nominal adjectives; Dutch and English, prenominal ones. We test predictions on determiner language and adjective order derived from generativist accounts and the Matrix Language Frame (MLF) approach.

          Design/methodology/approach:

          We draw on three publicly available spoken corpora. For the purposes of these analyses, we re-coded all three datasets identically. From the three re-coded corpora we extracted all monolingual and mixed simplex NPs (DetN) and complex NPs with determiners (determiner–adjective–noun (DetAN/NA)). We then examined the surrounding clause for each to determine the matrix language based on the finite verb.

          Data and analysis:

          We analysed the data using a linear regression model in R statistical software to examine the distribution of languages across word class and word order in the corpora.

          Findings/conclusions:

          Overall, the generativist predictions are borne out regarding adjective positions but not determiners and the MLF accounts for more of the data. We explore extra-linguistic explanations for the patterns observed.

          Originality:

          The current study has provided new empirical data on nominal CS from language pairs not previously considered.

          Significance/implications:

          This study has revealed robust patterns across three corpora and taken a step towards disentangling two theoretical accounts. Overall, the findings highlight the importance of comparing multiple language pairs using similar coding.

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          Most cited references45

          • Record: found
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          Sometimes I’ll start a sentence in Spanish Y TERMINO EN ESPAÑOL: toward a typology of code-switching1

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            FREQUENCY EFFECTS IN LANGUAGE PROCESSING

            Nick Ellis (2002)
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              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Book: not found

              The CHILDES project: Tools for analyzing talk

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                International Journal of Bilingualism
                International Journal of Bilingualism
                SAGE Publications
                1367-0069
                1756-6878
                April 2019
                September 14 2017
                April 2019
                : 23
                : 2
                : 695-714
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Leiden University, the Netherlands
                [2 ]Lund University, Sweden
                Article
                10.1177/1367006917729543
                7d0d7225-b57e-4c87-8104-3697ef26672c
                © 2019

                http://journals.sagepub.com/page/policies/text-and-data-mining-license

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