Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Role of the Nervous System in Experimentally Induced Arrhythmias

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          The purpose of our studies was to examine the role of the nervous system in arrhythmias produced by digitalis overdose and coronary artery occlusion in the cat. This was done by observing the effect of these arrhythmogenic procedures on cardiac efferent neural activity and then determining whether any observed alteration in neural activity contributed to the cardiac rhythm disturbances evoked by digitalis and coronary artery occlusion. Our data indicate that both procedures used to evoke arrhythmias activate each division of the autonomic nervous system. Activation of the sympathetic nervous system resulted in a deleterious effect on cardiac rhythm whereas activation of the parasympathetic nervous system, in general, resulted in a beneficial effect on cardiac rhythm. With coronary occlusion, the role exerted by the nervous system depended on the anatomic location of the involved myocardium. Studies directed at elucidating the mechanisms whereby the nervous system caused cardiac rhythm disturbances indicated that there may be an important difference between the antiarrhythmic efficacy of β-adrenergic blockade and bilateral stellate ganglionectomy. The latter procedure proved to be a more effective way of removing deleterious sympathetic neural effects on the heart. In conclusion, our findings suggest that the development of new drugs for treating arrhythmias resulting from digitalis and coronary occlusion should be aimed at finding drugs that act to either depress central sympathetic outflow or enhance parasympathetic effects on the ventricle.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-2437-7
          978-3-318-02033-5
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1976
          1976
          29 October 2008
          : 61
          : 1
          : 37-49
          Affiliations
          Department of Pharmacology, Georgetown University, Schools of Medicine and Dentistry, Washington, D.C.
          Article
          169746 Cardiology 1976;61:37–49
          10.1159/000169746
          975123
          © 1976 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 13
          Categories
          Paper

          Comments

          Comment on this article