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      CD31 Expression on Leukocytes Is Downregulated in vivo during Hemodialysis

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          Abstract

          Background/Aim: CD31 on leukocytes is the adhesion molecule involved in the leukocyte extravasation in inflammatory conditions. During hemodialysis with cellulosic membranes, it is considered that activated leukocytes adhere to endothelium, but do not show extravasation. However, it is not elucidated why activated leukocytes do not show endothelial transmigration during hemodialysis with cellulosic membranes. Methods: In the present study, changes in the expressions of Mac-1 and CD31 on granulocytes and monocytes were analyzed by flow cytometry during hemodialysis in 7 patients treated with regenerated-cellulose (RC) membranes and next with polysulfone (PS) membranes. Results: During dialysis with RC, Mac-1 expressions on granulocytes and monocytes both significantly increased as compared with predialysis values and across the dialyzer. During dialysis with RC, the CD31 expression on granulocytes and monocytes significantly decreased as compared with predialysis values. During dialysis with PS, changes in Mac-1 and CD31 expressions on granulocytes and monocytes were smaller than those during dialysis with RC. Conclusions: Decreased CD31 expression on leukocytes may affect leukocyte function more in patients chronically hemodialyzed with RC than in those hemodialyzed with PS, since CD31 is important in leukocyte transendothelial migration in inflammatory conditions.

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          Most cited references 2

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          CD31 expressed on distinctive T cell subsets is a preferential amplifier of beta 1 integrin-mediated adhesion

           Kevin Horgan (1992)
          The CD31 (platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 [PECAM- 1]/endothelial cell adhesion molecule [endoCAM]) molecule expressed on leukocytes, platelets, and endothelial cells is postulated to mediate adhesion to endothelial cells and thereby function in immunity, inflammation, and wound healing. We report the following novel features of CD31 which suggests a role for it in adhesion amplification of unique T cell subsets: (a) engagement of CD31 induces the adhesive function of beta 1 and beta 2 integrins; (b) adhesion induction by CD31 immunoglobulin G (IgG) monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) is sensitive, requiring only bivalent mAb; (c) CD31 mAb induces adhesion rapidly, but it is transient; (d) unique subsets of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells express CD31, including all naive (CD45RA+) CD8 T cells; and (e) CD31 induction is selective, inducing adhesive function of beta 1 integrins, particularly very late antigen-4, more efficiently than the beta 2 integrin lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1. Conversely, CD3 is more effective in inducing beta 2-mediated adhesion. Taken together, these findings indicate that unique T cell subsets express CD31, and CD31 has the capacity to induce integrin-mediated adhesion of T cells in a sensitive and selective fashion. We propose that, in collaboration with other receptors/ligands, CD31 functions in an "adhesion cascade" by amplifying integrin-mediated adhesion of CD31+ T cells to other cells, particularly endothelial cells.
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            ELISA for quantitation of L-selectin shed from leukocytes in vivo.

            L-selectin is a cell surface receptor on granulocytes, lymphocytes and monocytes that is responsible for the initial attachment of leukocytes to endothelium. The extracellular domain of L-selectin is proteolytically shed from leukocytes following cellular activation in vitro. The shed form of L-selectin (SL-selectin) is functionally active and at high concentrations can inhibit leukocyte attachment to endothelium. Therefore, an ELISA was developed to quantitate the levels of SL-selectin in biological fluids, biopsy specimens and during recombinant protein production. This simple, quantitative sandwich ELISA uses two monoclonal antibodies directed against the extracellular domain of SL-selectin. The assay has a detection range of 5-1300 ng/ml, is precise and sensitive. The ability of this assay to detect SL-selectin in serum, plasma, and culture supernatant fluid was demonstrated and it was used to quantitate circulating SL-selectin in normal and patient sera. Patients with sepsis and HIV infection showed markedly elevated SL-selectin levels in serum. Thus, the ELISA should prove useful both for laboratory purposes as well as in the diagnostic evaluation of patients with inflammatory diseases.
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              Author and article information

              Journal
              NEF
              Nephron
              10.1159/issn.1660-8151
              Nephron
              S. Karger AG
              1660-8151
              2235-3186
              2001
              2001
              05 September 2001
              : 89
              : 2
              : 153-160
              Affiliations
              Department of Internal Medicine, Daiko Medical Center, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan
              Article
              46062 Nephron 2001;89:153–160
              10.1159/000046062
              11549897
              © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 5, References: 38, Pages: 8
              Product
              Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/46062
              Categories
              Original Paper

              Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

              Mac-1, CD31, Hemodialysis, Extravasation, Leukocytopenia

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