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      Immunity passports to travel during the COVID-19 pandemic: controversies and public health risks

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          As countries emerge from pandemic lockdown, many countries are relaxing international travel restrictions. Commercially available serologic tests for anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies are being performed. The concept of an ‘immunity passport’ has gained popularity, whereby evidence of SARS-CoV-2 antibody production would signal immunity to reinfection. For an immunity certificate to be validated for travel purposes, it should meet certain criteria. The introduction of such certificates faces multiple challenges. While there may be a future role for immunity passports in limited circumstances in the event that a protective vaccine becomes freely available, for now at least the risks of such an approach outweigh the perceived benefits.

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          Racial disparities in knowledge, attitudes and practices related to COVID-19 in the USA

          Abstract Background Recent reports indicate racial disparities in the rates of infection and mortality from the 2019 novel coronavirus (coronavirus disease 2019 [COVID-19]). The aim of this study was to determine whether disparities exist in the levels of knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAPs) related to COVID-19. Methods We analyzed data from 1216 adults in the March 2020 Kaiser Family Foundation ‘Coronavirus Poll’, to determine levels of KAPs across different groups. Univariate and multivariate regression analysis was used to identify predictors of KAPs. Results In contrast to White respondents, Non-White respondents were more likely to have low knowledge (58% versus 30%; P < 0.001) and low attitude scores (52% versus 27%; P < 0.001), but high practice scores (81% versus 59%; P < 0.001). By multivariate regression, White race (odds ratio [OR] 3.06; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.70–5.50), higher level of education (OR 1.80; 95% CI: 1.46–2.23) and higher income (OR 2.06; 95% CI: 1.58–2.70) were associated with high knowledge of COVID-19. Race, sex, education, income, health insurance status and political views were all associated with KAPs. Conclusions Racial and socioeconomic disparity exists in the levels of KAPs related to COVID-19. More work is needed to identify educational tools that tailor to specific racial and socioeconomic groups.
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            COVID-19 Immunity Passport to Ease Travel Restrictions?

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              Unpredictable checks of yellow fever vaccination certificates upon arrival in Tanzania


                Author and article information

                J Public Health (Oxf)
                J Public Health (Oxf)
                Journal of Public Health (Oxford, England)
                Oxford University Press
                05 August 2020
                [1 ] School of Medicine , National University of Ireland Galway , Galway H91 V4AY, Ireland
                [2 ] School of Medicine , Trinity College Dublin , Dublin D02 R590, Ireland
                [3 ] School of Medicine , International Medical University , 57000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
                Author notes
                Address correspondence to Gerard T. Flaherty, MD, E-mail: gerard.flaherty@
                © The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Faculty of Public Health. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail:

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                This article is made available via the PMC Open Access Subset for unrestricted re-use and analyses in any form or by any means with acknowledgement of the original source. These permissions are granted for the duration of the COVID-19 pandemic or until permissions are revoked in writing. Upon expiration of these permissions, PMC is granted a perpetual license to make this article available via PMC and Europe PMC, consistent with existing copyright protections.

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                Pages: 2
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                Public health

                infectious disease, public health, migration


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