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      Karl Polanyi e o "Grande Debate" entre substantivistas e formalistas na antropologia econômica Translated title: Karl Polanyi and the "Great Debate" between the substantivists and formalists in economic anthropology


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          Na raiz do pensamento Polanyiano, encontra-se a distinção entre economia no sentido substantivo e economia no sentido formal. Com efeito, a concepção substantivista - que define a economia como um processo instituído de interação entre o homem e o ambiente natural e social que o rodeia e resulta em contínua oferta de meios para satisfazer as necessidades humanas - constitui a base do método preconizado pelo autor: a análise institucional. Com tal distinção, Polanyi (1977a) pretende evitar a "falácia economicista" que consiste na identificação automática da economia com sua forma de mercado. Ao contrário, só na moderna economia capitalista é que um "sistema de mercados formadores de preços" desempenha papel fundamental. Essas questões foram alvo de um "Grande Debate" entre as correntes substantivista - encabeçada por Polanyi - e formalista no contexto da disciplina da Antropologia Econômica.

          Translated abstract

          At the root of Polanyian thought, a distinction can be found between the substantive and formal concepts of the economy. In fact, the substantivist conception, that defines the economy as an instituted process of interaction between man and its natural and social environment, which results in a continuous supply of material means to meet human needs, constitutes the basis of the method recommended by the author: institutional analysis. With this distinction, Polanyi intends to avoid the "economistic fallacy", which consists of the automatic identification of the economy in its market form. Only in the modern capitalist economy does a system of "price-making markets" play a fundamental role. These questions were amply discussed in the so-called "Great Debate" between the substantivist and formalist schools of thought in the discipline of Economic Anthropology.

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          Capitalism, socialism, and democracy

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            Stone age economics

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              The Impact of Money on an African Subsistence Economy

              It has often been claimed that money was to be found in much of the African continent before the impact of the European world and the extension of trade made coinage general. When we examine these claims, however, they tend to evaporate or to emerge as tricks of definition. It is an astounding fact that economists have, for decades, been assigning three or four qualities to money when they discuss it with reference to our own society or to those of the medieval and modern world, yet the moment they have gone to ancient history or to the societies and economies studied by anthropologists they have sought the “real” nature of money by allowing only one of these defining characteristics to dominate their definitions.

                Author and article information

                Role: ND
                Economia e Sociedade
                Econ. soc.
                Instituto de Economia da Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Campinas )
                April 2012
                : 21
                : 1
                : 165-195
                [1 ] Socius - Centro de Investigação em Sociologia Econômica e das Organizações Portugal


                Product Information: website
                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=0104-0618&lng=en

                Sociology,General economics
                Polanyi,Karl,1886-1964,Substantivism,Formalism,Institutional analysis,Economy,Market,Substantivismo,Formalismo,Análise institucional,Economia,Mercado


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