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      Frecuencia y carga parasitaria en branquias de alevinos de gamitana (Colossoma macropomum) mediante exámenes directos en tres establecimientos piscícolas de Ucayali, Perú Translated title: Frequency and parasite load in gills of cachama fry (Colossoma macropomum) through direct examinations in three fish farms in Ucayali, Peru


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          RESUMEN El objetivo del estudio fue determinar la frecuencia y carga de ectoparásitos en branquias de alevinos de gamitana procedentes de tres establecimientos piscícolas de crianza semi-intensiva en la provincia de Coronel Portillo, Ucayali, Perú. Se seleccionaron 60 alevinos (35-45 días de edad) por cada uno de los tres establecimientos proveedores de alevinos (E1, E2 y E3), criados a condiciones similares en densidad y alimentación. Se evaluaron tres secciones de capas branquiales de ambos lados en fresco, mediante observación visual con una lupa a 2x para detectar crustáceos y mediante microscopía directa a 10x para trematodos y a 40x para protozoarios. Se consideraron cuatro grados de infestación; nulo (0 parásitos), leves (1-3), moderado (4-7) y severo (>8). Se logró identificar principalmente formas compatibles con monogeneos de la familia Dactylogyridae, compatibles con Dactylogyrus spp (41.1%) y protozoarios, mayormente de la familia Oodiniaceae, compatibles con Piscinodinium spp (10.6%). No se encontraron crustáceos. Las frecuencias de infestaciones fueron de 28.3, 86.7 y 18.3% en E1, E2 y E3, respectivamente. Las cargas parasitarias fueron mayormente leves (87.5, 53.8 y 83.3% para monogeneos y 80, 70 y 100% para protozoarios, en E1, E2, y E3, respectivamente). Los resultados sugieren una menor condición sanitaria en los alevinos del E2. Se concluye que hubo mayor frecuencia de infestaciones por monogeneos y cargas parasitarias leves en branquias de alevinos de gamitanas de las tres piscigranjas evaluadas mediante exámenes directos.

          Translated abstract

          ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and load of ectoparasites in gills of cachama fry from three semi-intensive farming fish farms in the province of Coronel Portillo, Ucayali, Peru. Sixty fingerlings (35-45 days old) were selected from each of the three fingerling supply establishments (E1, E2 and E3), reared at similar density and feeding conditions. Three fresh gill layer sections were evaluated from both sides, by visual observation with a 2x magnifying glass to detect crustaceans and by direct microscopy at 10x for trematodes and at 40x for protozoa. Four degrees of infestation were considered; null (0 parasites), mild (1-3), moderate (4-7) and severe (>8). It was possible to identify mainly forms compatible with monogeneans of the Dactylogyridae family, compatiblewithDactylogyrus spp (41.1%) and protozoa, mostly of the Oodiniaceae family, compatible with Piscinodinium spp (10.6%). No crustaceans were found. The frequencies of infestations were 28.3, 86.7 and 18.3% in E1, E2 and E3, respectively. Parasitic loads were mostly light (87.5, 53.8 and 83.3% for monogeneans and 80, 70 and 100% for protozoa, in E1, E2, and E3, respectively). The results suggest a lower sanitary condition in the E2 fingerlings. It is concluded that there was a higher frequency of infestations by monogeneans and light parasite loads in gills of cachama fry from the three fish farms evaluated by direct examinations.

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          Monogeneos, parásitos de peces en México: estudio recapitulativo

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            Piscinoodinium pillulare (Schäperclaus, 1954) Lom, 1981 (Dinoflagellida) infection in cultivated freshwater fish from the Northeast region of São Paulo State, Brazil: parasitological and pathological aspects

            The Aquaculture Center of Unesp, Jaboticabal, SP, Brazil, received fishes for diagnosis from fish farmers reporting fish crowding at pond edges and in water inlets. Fifty-three out of 194 cases showed round to oval, immobile whitish structures, measuring up to 162 mm diameter, identified as the dinoflagellate Piscinoodinium pillulare. In 34 diagnosed cases the parasites were present in the gills, in 2 on body surface, and 9 in both. Thirty-one out of 53 were tambacu hybrids hosts; 7, Piaractus mesopotamicus; 6, Colossoma macropomum; 5, Leporinus macrocephalus; 3, Oreochromis niloticus; and 1, Prochilodus lineatus. Fish showed increased mucous production on body surface and gills, while ecchymosis in the caudal peduncle and operculum was present. The gills also showed paleness, congestion, and petechiae. Histopathology presented a great number of trophonts situated between secondary lamellae, fixed to or detached from the epithelium. Primary lamellae presented interstitial hemorrhages, severe hyperplasia of the epithelium, goblet cells, and mononuclear infiltrates. The present work is the first report of P. pillulare in Brazil and emphasizes the importance of this dinoflagellate which caused significant economic losses from 1995 through 1997.
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              New species of Dactylogyridae Bychowsky, 1933 infecting the gills of Myloplus schomburgkii (Jardine) and Colossoma macropomum (Cuvier) in the Peruvian Amazon.

              Four new dactylogyrid species are described, three species (Anacanthorus camposbacae n. sp., Anacanthorus carmenrosae n. sp. and Notozothecium nanayensis n. sp.) from the gills of Myloplus schomburgkii (Jardine), captured in the River Nanay, Iquitos, Peru, and one new species (Mymarothecium iiapensis n. sp.) from the gills of Colossoma macropomum (Cuvier) in a fish pond in Iquitos, Peru. Anacanthorus camposbacae n. sp. differs from its congeners by possessing the accessory piece with a sub-medial branch having tentacle-like extensions. Anacanthorus carmenrosae n. sp. is characterised by possessing a Y-shaped accessory piece. Notozothecium nanayensis n. sp. differs from its congeners by the shape of both anchors and the presence of a short anteromedial triangular process in the ventral bar and by possessing an accessory piece with spoon-shaped proximal end. Mymarothecium iiapensis n. sp. is characterised by presenting a wrench-tool-shaped accessory piece and by possessing both anchors with conspicuous fold on the superficial roots.

                Author and article information

                Revista de Investigaciones Veterinarias del Perú
                Rev. investig. vet. Perú
                Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria (Lima, , Peru )
                April 2021
                : 32
                : 2
                : e20010
                [2] Lima Lima orgnameUniversidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos orgdiv1Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria orgdiv2Laboratorio de Histología, Embriología y Patología Veterinaria Peru
                [1] Ucayali Lima orgnameUniversidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos orgdiv1Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria orgdiv2Estación del Centro de Investigación IVITA Pucallpa Peru jrondone@ 123456unmsm.edu.pe
                S1609-91172021000200006 S1609-9117(21)03200200006

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

                : 02 January 2021
                : 25 May 2020
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 33, Pages: 0

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                Ucayali,exámenes directos,piscigranjas,ectoparásitos,gamitana,alevinos,direct examinations,fish farms,fingerlings,ectoparasites,cachama


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