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      Sensitive Superoxide Detection in Vascular Cells by the New Chemiluminescence Dye L-012

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          The detection superoxide production in vascular cells is usually limited by a low sensitivity of available assays. We tested the applicability of the luminol derivate L-012 [8-amino-5-chloro-7-phenylpyridol[3,4-d]pyridazine-1,4(2H,3H)dione] to measure superoxide production in cultured endothelial cells (human umbilical vein endothelial cells) and rat aortic segments. Following stimulation with the protein kinase stimulator phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA, 1 μ M) there was an 2.8-fold increase of L-012 chemiluminescence, whereas incubation with angiotensin II (100 n M) did not result in a measurable increase. Addition of vanadate (100 μ M) considerably increased the chemiluminescence (up to 17-fold) after PMA and made possible the detection of an enhanced superoxide production after stimulation with angiotensin II (by 1.7-fold). This was due to a ∼9-fold increase in signal intensity of L-012 in the presence of vanadate. Prolonged incubation with vanadate also led to a tyrosine phosphorylation-dependent increase in superoxide formation which was predominantly produced by an NAD(P)H oxidase. Short-term vanadate-enhanced L-012 chemiluminescence represents a highly sensitive assay making it possible to detect small changes of superoxide formation in intact vascular cells.

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          Most cited references 5

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          NADH oxidase activity of human xanthine oxidoreductase--generation of superoxide anion.

          Human xanthine oxidase was purified from breast milk. The dehydrogenase form of the enzyme, which predominates in most mammalian tissues, catalyses the oxidation of NADH by oxygen, generating superoxide anion significantly faster than does the oxidase form. The corresponding forms of bovine enzyme behave very similarly. The steady-state kinetics of NADH oxidation and superoxide production, including inhibition by NAD, by the dehydrogenase forms of both enzymes, are analysed in terms of a model involving two-stage recycling of oxidised enzyme. Established inhibitors of xanthine oxidoreductases (allopurinol oxypurinol, amflutizole and BOF 4272), which block all other reducing substrates, were ineffective in the case of NADH. Diphenyleneiodonium, on the other hand, was a powerful inhibitor of NADH oxidation. The potential involvement of reactive oxygen species arising from NADH oxidation by xanthine oxidoreductase in ischaemia-reperfusion injury and other disease states, as well as in normal signal transduction, is discusssed.
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            A new sensitive chemiluminescence probe, L-012, for measuring the production of superoxide anion by cells.

            A sensitive chemiluminescence method for measuring the production of superoxide anion (O2-) by activated EoL-1 cells (human eosinophilic leukemia cell line) is described. Recently, we succeeded in synthesizing a new chemiluminescence probe, 8-amino-5-chloro-7-phenylpyrido[3,4-d]pyridazine-1,4(2H,3H)dione (L-012). In the presence of L-012, activated EoL-1 cells which produce reactive oxygen species generated a marked chemiluminescence with negligible background. The L-012-dependent chemiluminescence was completely abolished by 100-300 U/ml superoxide dismutase, indicating that the main reactive oxygen species detected in this reaction was O2-. The light intensity and the sensitivity of L-012 to O2- were higher than those of other chemiluminescence probes such as luminol and Cypridina luciferin analog (MCLA). Thus, L-012 would provide an improved chemiluminescence method for measuring O2- from cells.
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              • Abstract: not found
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              Vanadate-stimulated oxidation of NAD(P)H


                Author and article information

                J Vasc Res
                Journal of Vascular Research
                S. Karger AG
                December 1999
                24 December 1999
                : 36
                : 6
                : 456-464
                aInstitute of Physiology, Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, and bHoechst Marion Roussel, Hoechst AG, Frankfurt, Germany
                25688 J Vasc Res 1999;36:456–464
                © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

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                Figures: 7, References: 23, Pages: 9
                Research Paper


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