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      Prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms in obese patients candidates for bariatric surgery and its impact on health related quality of life

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          Abstract

          ABSTRACT Objective This study was designed to identify the major musculoskeletal symptoms of individuals with obesity, to assess their health-related quality of life, and to evaluate the correlation between the musculoskeletal symptoms and the individuals’ health-related quality of life. Materials and methods Cross-sectional study. Instruments used “Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire” and “The Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36)”. Results In total, 41 subjects were evaluated, of which 90.15% were female. The mean age of the subjects was 40.78 ± 9.85 years and their mean body-mass index was 46.87 ± 8.08. All subjects reported musculoskeletal pain in at least one anatomical region and 80.49% had pain in three or more regions. The activity limitations due to pain were reported by 75.61% of them. The most affected regions by pain were the ankles and/or feet, lower back, knees and wrists/hands/fingers. The most associated regions with activity limitations due to pain were the ankles and/or feet, knees and lower back. The presence of pain showed a negative correlation with the domains physical functioning (PF), role-physical (RP) and body pain (BP). The activity limitations showed a negative correlation with the domains PF, BP, social functioning (SF) and role-emotional (RE). Conclusion Our data showed a high prevalence of musculoskeletal pain and limitation in activities due to pain in obese subjects. The musculoskeletal symptoms had negative correlations with physical and mental components of the health-related quality of life, highlighting the importance of ensuring that patients with obesity have access to interdisciplinary care, for the prevention and rehabilitation of musculoskeletal disorders.

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          Most cited references 25

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          The association between obesity and low back pain: a meta-analysis.

          This meta-analysis assessed the association between overweight/obesity and low back pain. The authors systematically searched the Medline (National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland) and Embase (Elsevier, Amsterdam, the Netherlands) databases until May 2009. Ninety-five studies were reviewed and 33 included in the meta-analyses. In cross-sectional studies, obesity was associated with increased prevalence of low back pain in the past 12 months (pooled odds ratio (OR) = 1.33, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.14, 1.54), seeking care for low back pain (OR = 1.56, 95% CI: 1.46, 1.67), and chronic low back pain (OR = 1.43, 95% CI: 1.28, 1.60). Compared with non-overweight people, overweight people had a higher prevalence of low back pain but a lower prevalence of low back pain compared with obese people. In cohort studies, only obesity was associated with increased incidence of low back pain for > or =1 day in the past 12 months (OR = 1.53, 95% CI: 1.22, 1.92). Results remained consistent after adjusting for publication bias and limiting the analyses to studies that controlled for potential confounders. Findings indicate that overweight and obesity increase the risk of low back pain. Overweight and obesity have the strongest association with seeking care for low back pain and chronic low back pain.
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            Obesity and osteoarthritis in knee, hip and/or hand: An epidemiological study in the general population with 10 years follow-up

            Background Obesity is one of the most important risk factors for osteoarthritis (OA) in knee(s). However, the relationship between obesity and OA in hand(s) and hip(s) remains controversial and needs further investigation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of obesity on incident osteoarthritis (OA) in hip, knee, and hand in a general population followed in 10 years. Methods A total of 1854 people aged 24–76 years in 1994 participated in a Norwegian study on musculoskeletal pain in both 1994 and 2004. Participants with OA or rheumatoid arthritis in 1994 and those above 74 years in 1994 were excluded, leaving n = 1675 for the analyses. The main outcome measure was OA diagnosis at follow-up based on self-report. Obesity was defined by a body mass index (BMI) of 30 and above. Results At 10-years follow-up the incidence rates were 5.8% (CI 4.3–7.3) for hip OA, 7.3% (CI 5.7–9.0) for knee OA, and 5.6% (CI 4.2–7.1) for hand OA. When adjusting for age, gender, work status and leisure time activities, a high BMI (> 30) was significantly associated with knee OA (OR 2.81; 95%CI 1.32–5.96), and a dose-response relationship was found for this association. Obesity was also significantly associated with hand OA (OR 2.59; 1.08–6.19), but not with hip OA (OR 1.11; 0.41–2.97). There was no statistically significant interaction effect between BMI and gender, age or any of the other confounding variables. Conclusion A high BMI was significantly associated with knee OA and hand OA, but not with hip OA.
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              Validação do Questionário Nórdico de Sintomas Osteomusculares como medida de morbidade

              OBJETIVO: Validar a versão brasileira do Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire -- NMQ (Questionário Nórdico de Sintomas Osteomusculares -- QNSO) e apresentar as relações entre morbidade osteomuscular e variáveis demográficas, ocupacionais e relativas a hábitos. MÉTODOS: A versão brasileira do instrumento NMQ foi aplicada a uma amostra de 90 empregados em uma instituição bancária estatal, em Brasília, em 1999. Foram realizadas análises descritivas da amostra e de associação entre as variáveis. Os resultados foram comparados a dados relativos à história clínica de cada respondente. Realizou-se análise estatística de comparação entre grupos (Test t) e de correlação entre variáveis (Pearson). RESULTADOS: Os resultados mostraram concordância entre o relato de sintomas no NMQ e a história clínica em 86% dos casos. Foram verificadas diferenças na prevalência de sintomas quanto ao gênero, à função exercida e à prática de atividade física. As mulheres apresentaram maior média de severidade de sintomas em quase todas as regiões anatômicas; os gerentes relataram maior severidade de sintomas em região lombar do que escriturários; a prática de atividade física regular esteve associada à menor severidade de sintomas em membros superiores. CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados mostram um bom índice de validade concorrente para a versão brasileira do NMQ e recomendam sua utilização como medida de morbidade osteomuscular. Entretanto, o instrumento necessita de uma medida de severidade de sintomas e de alterações na diagramação e no conteúdo da escala para torná-la mais compreensível e menos suscetível a um excessivo número de respostas em branco.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                aem
                Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
                Arch. Endocrinol. Metab.
                Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia (São Paulo, SP, Brazil )
                2359-3997
                2359-4292
                February 2017
                : 61
                : 4
                : 319-325
                Affiliations
                Vitória Espírito Santo orgnameUniversidade Federal do Espírito Santo orgdiv1Departamento de Educação Integrada em Saúde Brazil
                Article
                S2359-39972017000400319
                10.1590/2359-3997000000237

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 31, Pages: 7
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