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      Blood Components Influence Cytokine Induction by Bacterial Substances

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          Abstract

          While some studies clearly demonstrated transfer of cytokine-inducing substances (CIS) through dialysis membranes, other authors were unable to reproduce such a transfer. This inconsistency may have been caused by marked differences in experimental design. We performed a systematic evaluation of cytokine induction in whole blood and from separated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) using either purified lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or culture supernatants from various bacterial strains. An in vitro hemodialysis circuit with whole blood in the blood compartment was employed; the dialysate was contaminated with sterile filtrates from Pseudomonas aeruginosa cultures. Addition of plasma samples from the blood side to PBMC readily induced interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-6 after contamination of the dialysate, while the same samples failed to induce cytokine production in whole blood. In experiments using direct incubation, purified P. aeruginosa LPS induced more IL-1β and IL-6 in whole blood compared to PBMC. In contrast, bacterial filtrates from Escherichia coli, Enterobacter cloacae and especially P. aeruginosa induced significantly less cytokines in whole blood compared to PBMC. Addition of erythrocytes but not granulocytes decreased cytokine induction by bacterial filtrates as well as by LPS, probably by adsorption of these substances. The addition of 30% plasma increased cytokine induction by LPS but decreased cytokine induction by P. aeruginosas filtrates. Our results suggest that cellular and plasmatic components of whole blood interact with bacterial CIS altering their pyrogenic activity. The detection of CIS depends on the test system used; whole blood cultures are not as sensitive for the detection of CIS from bacterial filtrates as PBMC cultures.

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          Mechanism of the cytolytic action of Pseudomonas aeruginosa cytotoxin: Oligomerization of the cytotoxin on target membranes

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            BPU
            Blood Purif
            10.1159/issn.0253-5068
            Blood Purification
            S. Karger AG
            0253-5068
            1421-9735
            2001
            2001
            20 September 2001
            : 19
            : 4
            : 380-387
            Affiliations
            Department of Nephrology and Internal Intensive Care Medicine, University Clinic Charité, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Humboldt University Berlin, Germany
            Article
            46968 Blood Purif 2001;19:380–387
            10.1159/000046968
            11574734
            © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 6, References: 29, Pages: 8
            Product
            Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/46968
            Categories
            Original Paper

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