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      Considering the Case for Diversity in Natural Resources

      1 , 2 , 3 , 4
      BioScience
      Oxford University Press (OUP)

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          Abstract

          Although there is widespread support for diversity in natural resources, diversity is valued for different reasons. It is important to understand and critically examine these reasons, to ensure diversity efforts express clear thinking and appropriate motivations. We compiled recent (2000–2019) diversity literature in fisheries, forestry, range, and wildlife, and used a qualitative coding procedure to identify reasons articulated in support of diversity. We developed a subset of these reasons into formal arguments to assess their underlying beliefs and assumptions. Our analysis reveals a high frequency of instrumental arguments emphasizing the benefits of diversity for natural resources. Drawing on the large body of interdisciplinary diversity scholarship outside natural resources, we discuss the challenges and potential risks of predicating the case for diversity largely on instrumental arguments. We encourage natural resources communities to expand the diversity discourse by engaging with themes developed in interdisciplinary diversity literatures, including equity, social justice, and intersectionality.

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          Most cited references68

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          Cultural Diversity at Work: The Effects of Diversity Perspectives on Work Group Processes and Outcomes

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            Intersectionality and research in psychology.

            Feminist and critical race theories offer the concept of intersectionality to describe analytic approaches that simultaneously consider the meaning and consequences of multiple categories of identity, difference, and disadvantage. To understand how these categories depend on one another for meaning and are jointly associated with outcomes, reconceptualization of the meaning and significance of the categories is necessary. To accomplish this, the author presents 3 questions for psychologists to ask: Who is included within this category? What role does inequality play? Where are there similarities? The 1st question involves attending to diversity within social categories. The 2nd conceptualizes social categories as connoting hierarchies of privilege and power that structure social and material life. The 3rd looks for commonalities across categories commonly viewed as deeply different. The author concludes with a discussion of the implications and value of these 3 questions for each stage of the research process. (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved
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              Work group diversity and group performance: an integrative model and research agenda.

              Research on the relationship between work group diversity and performance has yielded inconsistent results. To address this problem, the authors propose the categorization-elaboration model (CEM), which reconceptualizes and integrates information/decision making and social categorization perspectives on work-group diversity and performance. The CEM incorporates mediator and moderator variables that typically have been ignored in diversity research and incorporates the view that information/decision making and social categorization processes interact such that intergroup biases flowing from social categorization disrupt the elaboration (in-depth processing) of task-relevant information and perspectives. In addition, the authors propose that attempts to link the positive and negative effects of diversity to specific types of diversity should be abandoned in favor of the assumption that all dimensions of diversity may have positive as well as negative effects. The ways in which these propositions may set the agenda for future research in diversity are discussed. 2004 APA, all rights reserved
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                (View ORCID Profile)
                Journal
                BioScience
                Oxford University Press (OUP)
                0006-3568
                1525-3244
                August 2020
                August 01 2020
                July 15 2020
                August 2020
                August 01 2020
                July 15 2020
                : 70
                : 8
                : 708-718
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Postdoctoral researcher, Oregon State University, Corvallis
                [2 ]US Forest Service, Corvallis, Oregon
                [3 ]Environmental Science program, Oregon State University, Corvallis
                [4 ]Environmental ethics, Oregon State University, Corvallis
                Article
                10.1093/biosci/biaa068
                7dd35d67-87e9-4940-a1bf-0e6ae4362206
                © 2020

                https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/open_access/funder_policies/chorus/standard_publication_model

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