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      Spontaneous Electrical Activity in Pressurized Small Mesenteric Arteries

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          Abstract

          Spontaneous electrical activity was recorded intracellularly in vitro from smooth muscle cells of guinea pig small pressurized mesenteric arteries. Spontaneous action potentials were recorded at 37 °C at frequencies of 30–55/min. Each action potential consisted of a prepotential (pacemaker potential) followed by a spike of variable amplitude (10–35 mV). This activity was not blocked by tetrodotoxin (TTX) or guanethidine, indicating it was myogenic in origin. Sympathetic nerve stimulation (single 0.5-ms field stimuli) could evoke action potentials in between the spontaneous action potentials and could drive the activity; this effect was blocked by TTX. Addition of the vasodilator adenosine (10<sup>–6</sup> to 10<sup>–4</sup> M) reversibly decreased action potential amplitude and frequency. Lowering the temperature to 35 °C for 1–3 min during a single impalement decreased spontaneous action potential frequency. Spontaneous activity was abolished after longer periods at 35 °C. The spontaneous activity recorded in vitro at 37 °C and 5 or 40 mm Hg inflation pressure was similar to that previously reported from guinea pig and rat mesenteric arteries in vivo. Such activity might be important in the normal physiological control of arterial tone.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1982
          1982
          19 September 2008
          : 19
          : 6
          : 301-310
          Affiliations
          Department of Physiology, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Va., USA
          Article
          158397 Blood Vessels 1982;19:301–310
          10.1159/000158397
          © 1982 S. Karger AG, Basel

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          Page count
          Pages: 10
          Categories
          Research Paper

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