+1 Recommend
1 collections
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Spontaneous Electrical Activity in Pressurized Small Mesenteric Arteries

      Read this article at

          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.


          Spontaneous electrical activity was recorded intracellularly in vitro from smooth muscle cells of guinea pig small pressurized mesenteric arteries. Spontaneous action potentials were recorded at 37 °C at frequencies of 30–55/min. Each action potential consisted of a prepotential (pacemaker potential) followed by a spike of variable amplitude (10–35 mV). This activity was not blocked by tetrodotoxin (TTX) or guanethidine, indicating it was myogenic in origin. Sympathetic nerve stimulation (single 0.5-ms field stimuli) could evoke action potentials in between the spontaneous action potentials and could drive the activity; this effect was blocked by TTX. Addition of the vasodilator adenosine (10<sup>–6</sup> to 10<sup>–4</sup> M) reversibly decreased action potential amplitude and frequency. Lowering the temperature to 35 °C for 1–3 min during a single impalement decreased spontaneous action potential frequency. Spontaneous activity was abolished after longer periods at 35 °C. The spontaneous activity recorded in vitro at 37 °C and 5 or 40 mm Hg inflation pressure was similar to that previously reported from guinea pig and rat mesenteric arteries in vivo. Such activity might be important in the normal physiological control of arterial tone.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          J Vasc Res
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          19 September 2008
          : 19
          : 6
          : 301-310
          Department of Physiology, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Va., USA
          158397 Blood Vessels 1982;19:301–310
          © 1982 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 10
          Research Paper


          Comment on this article