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      Analysis of status of physical exercises among primary and middle school students in Nanjing City


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          Objective To understand the current situation of physical exercise participation of primary and secondary school students in Nanjing, and to provide the reference for promoting the healthy development of physical fitness of primary and secondary school students.

          Methods By using stratified cluster sampling method, 4 161 students from 14 primary and secondary schools in Nanjing, Jiangsu Province were selected to conduct a questionnaire survey on their participation in physical exercise.

          Results Among the primary and secondary school students in Nanjing, 55.57% had more than three hours of physical education class per week, 81.09% of them participated in large class activities organized by the school every day, 23.19% of them participated in extracurricular sports activities more than three times a week, 13.96% of them participated in physical exercise for one hour every day, there were significant in physical exercise items among studentsof different stages (χ 2 = 52.76, 29.90, 16.14, 39.34; 624.61, 53.04, 151.25, 189.45, P<0.05). 34.34% of the parents supported and accompanied their classmates in family physical exercise, 46.07% of parents supported students’ physical exercise but do not accompanied them, 14.83% of parents’ attitude was not clear, 4.76% of parents did not support students’ physical exercise, 14.32% of families made physical exercise plans; There were significant differences in family physical exercise items among students of different genders and stages ( χ 2 = 42.72; 229.44, 26.43, P< 0.01). 49.82% of students had more than three sports skills in personal physical exercise, 17.45% of students participated in physical training classes, only 7.14% of students participated in physical exercise weekly. There were genders and stages differences in the current situation of students’ participation in physical exercise (χ 2 = 12.32, 5.60, 24.06; 167.51, 237.90, 223.15, P<0.05).

          Conclusion In Nanjing, the reporting rate of regular participation in physical exercise among primary and secondary school students is low, and family-school interaction is needed to promote the healthy development of students.


          【摘要】 目的 了解南京市城市中小学生体育锻炼参与现状, 为促进中小学生体质健康发展政策提供参考。 方法 采用分层整群抽样的方法选取江苏省南京市鼓楼、玄武、秦淮、浦口、雨花台、江宁 6 个城区 14 所中小学校 4 161 名学生进 行体育锻炼参与行为的问卷调査。 结果 南京市中小学生学校体育锻炼中每周上体育课课时数 ≥3 学时的学生占 55.57%, 每天参加学校组织大课间活动的学生占 81.09%, 每周课外体育活动 ≥3 次的学生占23.19%, 每天参与体育锻炼时 间达到 1 h 的学生占 13.96%, 不同性别、学段学生学校体育锻炼项目差异有统计学意义 (χ 2 值分别为 52.76, 29.90, 16.14, 39.34; 624.61, 53.04, 151.25, 189.45, P 值均<0.05)。家庭体育锻炼中有 34.34% 的家长支持并陪同学生进行体育锻炼, 46.07% 的家长支持学生体育锻炼但不陪同, 14.83% 的家长态度不明确, 4.76% 的家长不支持学生体育锻炼, 14.32% 的家庭 制定体育锻炼计划。不同性别、学段学生家庭体育锻炼项目差异有统计学意义 (χ 2 值分别为 42.72; 229.44, 26.43, P 值均< 0.01)。个人体育锻炼现况上有 49.82% 的学生掌握了 3 项及以上的运动技能, 17.45% 的学生参与体育培训班, 仅有 7.14% 的学生周末锻炼; 不同性别、学段学生体育锻炼参与行为现状差异均有统计学意义 (χ 2 值分别为 12.32, 5.60, 24.06;167.51, 237.90, 223.15, P 值均<0.05)。 结论 南京市城市中小学生经常参与体育锻炼行为的报告率较低, 需家校联动共同促进 学生健康发展。

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          Author and article information

          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          01 December 2019
          01 February 2020
          : 40
          : 12
          : 1812-1814
          [1] 1Department of Physical Education, Sanjiang University, Nanjing (210012), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: ZHANG Yunzhang, E-mail: ntzhyk@ 123456sina.com
          © 2019 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Students,Exercise movement technigues,Physical fitness,Health education


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