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Effect of noise in processing of visual information

1, 1, 1, 2

Nonlinear Biomedical Physics

BioMed Central

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      Abstract

      Background

      Information transmission and processing in the nervous system has stochastic nature. Multiple factors contribute to neuronal trial-to-trial variability. Noise and variations are introduced by the processes at the molecular and cellular level (thermal noise, channel current noise, membrane potential variations, biochemical and diffusion noise at synapses etc). The stochastic processes are affected by different physical (temperature, electromagnetic field) and chemical (drugs) factors. The aim of this study was experimental investigation of hypotheses that increase in the noise level in the brain affects processing of visual information. Change in the noise level was introduced by an external factor producing excess noise in the brain.

      Methods

      An exposure to 450 MHz low-frequency modulated microwave radiation was applied to generate excess noise. Such exposure has been shown to increase diffusion, alter membrane resting potential, gating variables and intracellular Calcium efflux. Nine healthy volunteers passed the experimental protocol at the lower (without microwave) and the higher (with microwave) noise level. Two photos (visual stimuli) of unfamiliar, young male faces were presented to the subjects, one picture after another. The task was to identify later the photos from a group of six photos and to decide in which order they were presented. Each subject had a total of eight sessions at the lower and eight at the higher noise level. Each session consisted of 50 trials; altogether a subject made 800 trials, 400 at the lower and 400 at the higher noise level. Student t-test was applied for statistical evaluation of the results.

      Results

      Correct recognition of both stimuli in the right order was better at the lower noise level. All the subjects under investigation showed higher numbers of right answers in trials at the lower noise level. Average number of correct answers from n=400 trials with microwave exposure was 50.3, without exposure 54.4, difference 7.5%, p<0.002. No difference between results at the lower and the higher noise level was revealed in the case of only partly correct or incorrect answers.

      Conclusions

      Our experimental results showed that introduced excess noise reduced significantly ability of the nervous system in correct processing of visual information.

      Related collections

      Most cited references 12

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      Noise in the nervous system.

      Noise--random disturbances of signals--poses a fundamental problem for information processing and affects all aspects of nervous-system function. However, the nature, amount and impact of noise in the nervous system have only recently been addressed in a quantitative manner. Experimental and computational methods have shown that multiple noise sources contribute to cellular and behavioural trial-to-trial variability. We review the sources of noise in the nervous system, from the molecular to the behavioural level, and show how noise contributes to trial-to-trial variability. We highlight how noise affects neuronal networks and the principles the nervous system applies to counter detrimental effects of noise, and briefly discuss noise's potential benefits.
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        Guidelines for limiting exposure to time-varying electric, magnetic, and electromagnetic fields (up to 300 GHz). International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection.

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          Effects of noise in excitable systems

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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            [1]Department of Biomedical Engineering, Technomedicum, Tallinn University of Technology, Ehitajate Rd 5, 19086 Tallinn, Estonia
            [2]Department of Medical Physics, School of Medicine, University of Patras, University Campus, 265 04 Rio Patras, Greece
            Contributors
            Conference
            Nonlinear Biomed Phys
            Nonlinear Biomedical Physics
            BioMed Central
            1753-4631
            2010
            3 June 2010
            : 4
            : Suppl 1
            : S5
            2880802
            20522266
            1753-4631-4-S1-S5
            10.1186/1753-4631-4-S1-S5
            Copyright ©2010 Hinrikus et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

            This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

            Consciousness and its Measures: Joint Workshop for COST Actions NeuroMath and Consciousness
            Limassol, Cyprus
            29 November – 1 December 2009
            Categories
            Proceedings

            Biophysics

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