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      Histone methyltransferase SETD2: a potential tumor suppressor in solid cancers


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          Epigenetic regulation plays an important role in the occurrence, development and treatment of malignant tumors; and a great deal of attention has been paid to the histone methylation level in recent years. As a 230-kD epigenetic regulator, the histone H3 lysine 36 histone (H3K36) methyltransferase SETD2 is a key enzyme of the nuclear receptor SET domain-containing (NSD) family, which is associated with a specific hyperphosphorylated domain, a large subunit of RNA polymerase II (RNAPII), named RNAPII subunit B1 (RPB1), and SETD2 which methylates the ly-36 position of dimethylated histone H3 (H3K36me2) to generate trimethylated H3K36 (H3K36me3). SETD2 is involved in various cellular processes, including transcriptional regulation, DNA damage repair, non-histone protein-related functions and some other processes. Great efforts of high-throughput sequencing have revealed that SETD2 is mutated or its function is lost in a range of solid cancers, including renal cancer, gastrointestinal cancer, lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, osteosarcoma, and so on. Mutation, or functional loss, of the SETD2 gene produces dysfunction in corresponding tumor tissue proteins, leading to tumorigenesis, progression, chemotherapy resistance, and unfavorable prognosis, suggesting that SETD2 possibly acts as a tumor suppressor. However, its underlying mechanism remains largely unexplored. In the present study, we summarized the latest advances of effects of SETD2 expression at the mRNA and protein levels in solid cancers, and its potential molecular and cellular functions as well as clinical applications were also reviewed.

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          Most cited references 73

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              Understanding the language of Lys36 methylation at histone H3.

              Histone side chains are post-translationally modified at multiple sites, including at Lys36 on histone H3 (H3K36). Several enzymes from yeast and humans, including the methyltransferases SET domain-containing 2 (Set2) and nuclear receptor SET domain-containing 1 (NSD1), respectively, alter the methylation status of H3K36, and significant progress has been made in understanding how they affect chromatin structure and function. Although H3K36 methylation is most commonly associated with the transcription of active euchromatin, it has also been implicated in diverse processes, including alternative splicing, dosage compensation and transcriptional repression, as well as DNA repair and recombination. Disrupted placement of methylated H3K36 within the chromatin landscape can lead to a range of human diseases, underscoring the importance of this modification.

                Author and article information

                J Cancer
                J Cancer
                Journal of Cancer
                Ivyspring International Publisher (Sydney )
                5 March 2020
                : 11
                : 11
                : 3349-3356
                Department of Oncology, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, The First People's Hospital of Changzhou, No. 185 Juqian Road, Tianning District, Changzhou 213003, China.
                Author notes
                ✉ Corresponding authors: Xin Yang, Department of Oncology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, The First People's Hospital of Changzhou, Changzhou 213003, China, E-mail: yangxindoctor@ 123456163.com . Tel.: +8618861235566; Mei Ji, Department of Oncology, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, The First People's Hospital of Changzhou, Changzhou 213003, China, E-mail: zlkjimei@ 123456163.com , Tel.: +8613775181579.

                Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interest exists.

                © The author(s)

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). See http://ivyspring.com/terms for full terms and conditions.


                Oncology & Radiotherapy

                setd2, mutation, tumor suppressor, solid cancers


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