Francesco Zangaro 1 , 2 , Gabriele Marini 1 , Valeria Specchia , 1 , Matteo De Luca 3 , Francesca Visintin 4 , Giovanna Bullo 5 , Jacopo Richard 5 , Nataša Šalaja 6 , Bia Rakar 6 , Bojana Lipej 6 , Jelena Kurtović Mrčelić 7 , Gvido Piasevoli 7 , Ante Žuljević 8 , Nada Zaimi 9 , Djana Bejko 9 , Abdulla Diku 9 , Aliki Karousou 10 , Eleni Hatziyanni 10 , Massimiliano Pinat 11 , Maurizio Pinna , 1 , 2
27 May 2021
Coastal-Marine Protected Areas, European Adriatic-Ionian Macro-Region, EUSAIR, NATURA 2000, non-indigenous species, protected species and habitats, traditional and innovative biomonitoring tools, transnational biodiversity geo-database.
The main objective of the project Common strategies and best practices to IMprove the transnational PRotection of ECOsystem integrity and services - IMPRECO is to enhance the safeguarding of ecosystems and ecosystem services. Additionally, the aim of this project is to tackle their environmental vulnerability by strengthening the potential of the Protected Areas in biodiversity, ecosystems and ecosystem services conservation. This is expected to be addressed by maintaining it through their transnational networking located in the European Adriatic-Ionian Macro-Region.
The aim of this research is: 1) to characterise the habitats and ecosystems involved in the coastal-marine protected areas considered; 2) to set a biodiversity baseline; 3) to understand what current ecosystems’ conditions are; 4) to build up a transnational biomonitoring programme of target species and habitats and 5) to assess their response to pilot actions. To do so, a transnational inventory of species, habitats, ecosystems and ecosystem services was established, starting with the seven coastal-marine protected areas involved in the project. Data collection was carried out using different sources of information: scientific literature, officially available data from NATURA 2000 Standard Data Forms, checklists from local biomonitoring programmes, personal observations and citizen science, historical maps and data from new in-field analyses. Data were filled in the transnational biodiversity geo-databases according to the NATURA 2000 standards about habitat features, species protection level and species features. The presence of alien species (non-indigenous species, NIS) was also acknowledged and references about data collection were provided in the databases according to the Darwin Core standards.