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      Development of wavelength shifter coated reflectors for the ArDM argon dark matter detector

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          Abstract

          To optimise the design of the light readout in the ArDM 1-ton liquid argon dark matter detector, a range of reflector and WLS coating combinations were investigated in several small setups, where argon scintillation light was generated by radioactive sources in gas at normal temperature and pressure and shifted into the blue region by tetraphenyl butadiene (TPB). Various thicknesses of TPB were deposited by spraying and vacuum evaporation onto specular 3M{\small\texttrademark}-foil and diffuse Tetratex{\small\textregistered} (TTX) substrates. Light yields of each reflector and TPB coating combination were compared. Reflection coefficients of TPB coated reflectors were independently measured using a spectroradiometer in a wavelength range between 200 and 650 nm. WLS coating on the PMT window was also studied. These measurements were used to define the parameters of the light reflectors of the ArDM experiment. Fifteen large \(120\times 25\) cm\(^2\) TTX sheets were coated and assembled in the detector. Measurements in argon gas are reported providing good evidence of fulfilling the light collection requirements of the experiment.

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          Most cited references 11

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          Production Mechanisms and Radiative Lifetimes of Argon and Xenon Molecules Emitting in the Ultraviolet

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            Recombination luminescence in liquid argon and in liquid xenon

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              ArDM: a ton-scale liquid Argon experiment for direct detection of Dark Matter in the Universe

               A. Rubbia (2005)
              The ArDM project aims at developing and operating large noble liquid detectors to search for direct evidence of Weakly Interacting Massive Particle (WIMP) as Dark Matter in the Universe. The initial goal is to design, assemble and operate a \(\approx\)1 ton liquid Argon prototype to demonstrate the feasibility of a ton-scale experiment with the required performance to efficiently detect and sufficiently discriminate backgrounds for a successful WIMP detection. Our design addresses the possibility to detect independently ionization and scintillation signals. In this paper, we describe this goal and the conceptual design of the detector.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                01 April 2009
                Article
                10.1088/1748-0221/4/06/P06001
                0904.0246

                http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

                Custom metadata
                JINST 4:P06001,2009
                21 pages, 17 figures
                physics.ins-det

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