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      Citrate in Urine and Serum and Associated Variables in Subgroups of Urolithiasis

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          Abstract

          Outpatient renal stone formers belonging to the established urolithiasis subgroups and controls were examined with respect to urinary and serum citrate (Cit) and several associated variables. Only in the normocalciuric majority of calcium and in uric acid stone formers was Cit in 24-hour urine decreased, but was normal in 2-hour fasting morning, and in 3-hour postprandial urine following a Cit-free test meal. Serum Cit was elevated in normocalciuria, renal and resorptive hypercalciuria. This Cit constellation was associated with either normal (absorptive, renal hypercalciuria) or low (normocalciuria, uric acid stone formers) parathyroid gland function as assessed by serum parathyroid hormone and nephrogenous urinary cyclic AMP, except in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. In 2-hour morning urine the magnesium/creatinine ratio (normocalciuria) and ammonia excretion (uric acid stone formers) were decreased, while ammonia in 24-hour urine was low in all stone formers. It is suggested that Cit metabolism is altered in renal stone disease in general, and that in normocalciuria, stone inhibitors (Cit; magnesium) may be deficient.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1982
          1982
          03 December 2008
          : 31
          : 3
          : 194-202
          Affiliations
          Mineral Metabolism and Endocrine Research Laboratory, Departments of Surgery and Urology, University Hospital, Erlangen, FRG
          Article
          182646 Nephron 1982;31:194–202
          10.1159/000182646
          7121665
          © 1982 S. Karger AG, Basel

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          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Original Paper

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