8
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      The European Union One Health 2018 Zoonoses Report

      European Food Safety Authority and European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (EFSA and ECDC)

      EFSA Journal

      John Wiley and Sons Inc.

      Campylobacter, Listeria, food‐borne outbreaks, monitoring, parasites, Salmonella, zoonoses

      Read this article at

      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          This report of the European Food Safety Authority and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control presents the results of zoonoses monitoring activities carried out in 2018 in 36 European countries (28 Member States ( MS) and 8 non‐ MS). The first and second most commonly reported zoonoses in humans were campylobacteriosis and salmonellosis, respectively. The European Union ( EU) trend for confirmed human cases of these two diseases was stable during 2014–2018. The proportion of human salmonellosis cases due to Salmonella Enteritidis was at the same level in 2018 as in 2017. Of the 27 reporting MS, 16 met all Salmonella reduction targets for poultry, whereas 11 MS failed meeting at least one. The EU flock prevalence of target Salmonella serovars in breeding hens, laying hens, broilers and fattening turkeys decreased during recent years but stalled in breeding turkeys. Salmonella results from Competent Authorities for pig carcasses and for poultry tested through National Control Programmes were more frequently positive compared with food business operators. Shiga toxin‐producing Escherichia coli ( STEC) infections in humans were the third most commonly reported zoonosis in the EU and increased from 2014 to 2018. Yersiniosis was the fourth most frequently reported zoonosis in humans in 2018 with a stable trend in 2014–2018. The number of reported confirmed listeriosis cases further increased in 2018, despite Listeria rarely exceeding the EU food safety limit tested in ready‐to‐eat food. In total, 5,146 food‐ and waterborne outbreaks were reported. Salmonella was the most commonly detected agent with S. Enteritidis causing one in five outbreaks. Salmonella in eggs and egg products was the highest risk agent/food pair. A large increase of human West Nile virus infections was reported in 2018. The report further updates on bovine tuberculosis, Brucella, Trichinella, Echinococcus, Toxoplasma, rabies, Coxiella burnetii (Q fever) and tularaemia.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 92

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Uncovering Listeria monocytogenes hypervirulence by harnessing its biodiversity

          Microbial pathogenesis studies are typically performed with reference strains, thereby overlooking microbial intra-species virulence heterogeneity. Here we integrated human epidemiological and clinical data with bacterial population genomics to harness the biodiversity of the model foodborne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes and decipher the basis of its neural and placental tropisms. Taking advantage of the clonal structure of this bacterial species, we identify clones epidemiologically associated with either food or human central nervous system (CNS) and maternal-neonatal (MN) listeriosis. The latter are also most prevalent in patients without immunosuppressive comorbidities. Strikingly, CNS and MN clones are hypervirulent in a humanized mouse model of listeriosis. By integrating epidemiological data and comparative genomics, we uncovered multiple novel putative virulence factors and demonstrated experimentally the contribution of the first gene cluster mediating Listeria monocytogenes neural and placental tropisms. This study illustrates the exceptional power of harnessing microbial biodiversity to identify clinically relevant microbial virulence attributes.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            The European Union summary report on trends and sources of zoonoses, zoonotic agents and food‐borne outbreaks in 2015

            (2016)
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Article: not found

              A review of Listeria monocytogenes : An update on outbreaks, virulence, dose-response, ecology, and risk assessments

                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Contributors
                zoonoses@efsa.europa.eu
                Journal
                EFSA J
                EFSA J
                10.1002/(ISSN)1831-4732
                EFS2
                EFSA Journal
                John Wiley and Sons Inc. (Hoboken )
                1831-4732
                11 December 2019
                December 2019
                : 17
                : 12 ( doiID: 10.1002/efs2.v17.12 )
                Author notes
                Article
                EFS25926
                10.2903/j.efsa.2019.5926
                7055727
                © 2019 European Food Safety Authority and European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control.

                This is an open access article under the terms of the http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/ License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and no modifications or adaptations are made.

                Page count
                Figures: 87, Tables: 74, Pages: 276, Words: 133589
                Product
                Categories
                Scientific Report
                Scientific Report
                Custom metadata
                2.0
                December 2019
                Converter:WILEY_ML3GV2_TO_JATSPMC version:5.7.6.1 mode:remove_FC converted:26.02.2020

                Comments

                Comment on this article