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      Effects of divergent selection for 8-week body weight on postnatal enzyme activity pattern of 3 fiber types in fast muscles of male broilers (Gallus gallus domesticus)

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      Poultry Science

      Oxford University Press (OUP)

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          Abstract

          A divergent selection experiment was conducted for 8-wk BW in chickens. At 3, 6, 9, and 12 wk of age, samples of pectoralis profundus (PP) and biceps femoris (BF) muscles from fast-growing and slow-growing lines were used to estimate the enzyme activities and muscle fiber diameter. Microphotometric measurements made in situ of succinate dehydrogenase (SDH, EC 1.3.99.1) and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH, EC 1.1.99.5) were completed on serial sections of PP and BF muscles from male chickens, in order to examine the ratio of SDH:GPDH activity in single fibers. On the basis of the SDH:GPDH activity ratios, muscle fibers were divided using cluster analysis into 3 populations of different fiber types (O = oxidative, OG = oxidative-glycolytic, and G = glycolytic). Cockerels of the SGL attained an 8.1-fold increase and those of the FGL a 6.8-fold increase in BW at 12 wk compared with that at 3 wk of age. The O, OG, and G type fibers of the BF muscles of the SGL had significantly (P ≤ 0.001) lower SDH:GPDH activity ratios than those of the FGL. A step decrease in the SDH:GPDH activity of O, OG, and G fibers in the PP of both lines occurred, and this differed significantly between SGL and FGL (P ≤ 0.001). Age and line effects influenced the diameter of the 3 fiber types in the BF muscle only. In contrast to this response, all 3 fiber types of the PP muscles reached similar diameters in both lines during the growth process from wk 3 to 12. From the results of this study, we concluded that the activities of metabolic enzymes in skeletal muscle fibers are under the influence of muscle type, age, and selection pressure. Microphotometry is a suitable method for the evaluation of enzyme activity measured in a single muscle fiber. The method enables precise estimation of enzyme activities, especially in muscles composed of populations of different metabolic fiber types.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Poultry Science
          Poultry Science
          Oxford University Press (OUP)
          00325791
          December 2010
          December 2010
          : 89
          : 12
          : 2651-2659
          Article
          10.3382/ps.2010-00641
          21076104
          © 2010

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