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      Analysis of trends of blood pressure and serum uric acid in college graduates during 2016-2020


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          Objective To analyze the trends of weight, blood pressure and serum uric acid levels in college graduates during 2016-2020, so as to provide the evidence for chronic diseases prevention and control in university students.

          Methods A crosssectional study was conducted to collect the data of physical examination of new graduates of Peking University during 2016-2020. It analyzed the differences in the BMI, blood pressure, serum uric acid, prevalence of overweight/obesity, hypertension, and hyperuricemia.

          Results For males, the prevalences of overweight/obesity, hypertension of 2016-2020 and hyperuricemia of 2018-2020 varied significantly (χ 2 = 52.94, 37.63, 55.53, P<0.01), but not significant difference of overweight/obesity, hypertension among the four groups of 2016-2019 (χ 2 = 6.45, 1.05, P>0.05). The highest prevalences of overweight (29.25%), obesity (11.37%), hypertension (12.60%) and hyperuricemia (43.84%) were observed in the group of 2020. For females, the prevalence of hypertension of 2016-2020 and hyperuricemia of 2018-2020 were significantly different (χ 2 = 14.14, 14.59, P<0.01), but not significant difference of hypertension of 2016-2019 (χ 2 = 0.34, P>0.05). The highest prevalences of hypertension (2.35%) and hyperuricemia (13.86%) were both found in the group of 2020.

          Conclusion High prevalence of hypertension and hyperuricemia in college graduates of 2020 suggest unhealthy lifestyle probably has adverse impact on health consequences in young adult students.


          【摘要】 目的 分析北京大学 2016—2020 年研究生新生体重、血压和血尿酸的变化, 为大学生慢病防控提供参考。 方法 采用横断面研究, 收集北京大学 2016—2020 年 5 年应届本科毕业的研究生新生人学体检数据, 比较不同年份体质量指数 (BMI)、血压和血尿酸水平的差异, 以及超重/肥胖、髙血压、髙尿酸血症检出率的差异。 结果 男生 2016—2020 年超重/ 肥胖、髙血压及 2018—2020 年髙尿酸血症检出率差异均有统计学意义 (χ 2 值分别为 52.94, 37.63, 55.53, P 值均<0.01), 而 2016—2019 年超重/肥胖、髙血压差异无统计学意义 (χ 2 值分别为 6.45, 1.05, P 值均>0.05)。男生超重、肥胖、髙血压、髙尿 酸血症最髙检出率均出现在2020年, 分别为 29.25%, 11.37%, 12.60% 和 43.84%。女生 2016—2020 年髙血压和 2018—2020 年髙尿酸血症检出率差异均有统计学意义 (χ 2 值分别为 14.14, 14.59, P 值均<0.01), 而 2016—2019 年髙血压差异无 统计学意义 (χ 2 = 0.34, P>0.05)。2020 年女生髙血压和髙尿酸血症检出率最髙, 分别为 2.35% 和 13.86%。 结论 2020 年大 学生血压和血尿酸水平升髙, 髙血压、髙尿酸血症检出率增髙, 可能有不良生活方式对青年学生健康的负面影响。

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          Author and article information

          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          01 October 2021
          01 December 2021
          : 42
          : 10
          : 1552-1554
          [1] 1Medical Examination Center, Peking University Hospital, Beijing (100871), China
          © 2021 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Hyperuricemia,Body weight,Students,Blood pressure,Prevalence


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