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      Remote sensing of phytoplankton-macrophyte coexistence in shallow hypereutrophic fluvial lakes

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          Most cited references 38

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          Interactions among phytoplankton, periphyton, and macrophytes in temperate freshwaters and estuaries

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            The Zonation of Plants in Freshwater Lakes

             D.H.N. Spence (1982)
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              Floating plant dominance as a stable state.

              Invasion by mats of free-floating plants is among the most important threats to the functioning and biodiversity of freshwater ecosystems ranging from temperate ponds and ditches to tropical lakes. Dark, anoxic conditions under thick floating-plant cover leave little opportunity for animal or plant life, and they can have large negative impacts on fisheries and navigation in tropical lakes. Here, we demonstrate that floating-plant dominance can be a self-stabilizing ecosystem state, which may explain its notorious persistence in many situations. Our results, based on experiments, field data, and models, represent evidence for alternative domains of attraction in ecosystems. An implication of our findings is that nutrient enrichment reduces the resilience of freshwater systems against a shift to floating-plant dominance. On the other hand, our results also suggest that a single drastic harvest of floating plants can induce a permanent shift to an alternative state dominated by rooted, submerged growth forms.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Hydrobiologia
                Hydrobiologia
                Springer Nature
                0018-8158
                1573-5117
                October 2014
                January 22 2014
                October 2014
                : 737
                : 1
                : 67-76
                Article
                10.1007/s10750-013-1800-6
                © 2014
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