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      Hemangiopericytoma in a young dog: Evaluation of histopathological and immunohistochemical features

      case-report

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          Abstract

          In the present study, we describe a subcutaneous mass between the left flank and hip in a 2-year-old male Great Dane dog. Histopathologically, cells appeared to be spindle shaped around a central capillary together with a fingerprint pattern. Immunohistochemical analysis presented that the neoplastic cells expressed vimentin, but did not stain for S-100 protein. On the basis of histopathology and immunohistochemical findings, the present tumor was diagnosed as canine hemangiopericytoma. Hemangiopericytoma could be considered in differential diagnosis list of any mass in the skin (even in young dogs) and must be identified histopathologically.

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          Most cited references26

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          HEMANGIOPERICYTOMA: A VASCULAR TUMOR FEATURING ZIMMERMANN'S PERICYTES.

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            Immunohistochemical evaluation of canine peripheral nerve sheath tumors and other soft tissue sarcomas.

            Seventeen cases of canine peripheral nerve sheath tumors (PNSTs), 11 malignant PNSTs (MPNSTs), and six benign PNSTs (BPNSTs) were examined. The prognosis in five of six dogs with BPNSTs was excellent, whereas all dogs with MPNSTs died within 2 years after the last surgical resection. One BPNST formed a recurrent mass with features of a MPNST. Histopathologically, the predominant tumor cell of MPNSTs was either spindle or round in shape with epithelioid characteristics. Other atypical cells had abundant granular cytoplasm or were multinucleated giant cells with periodic acid-Schiff-positive cytoplasmic globules. Furthermore, two MPNSTs contained cartilaginous and osseous metaplasia. On the contrary, most BPNSTs exhibited typical features of schwannoma or neurofibroma, whereas two BPNSTs had atypical morphology. One BPNST consisted of epithelioid cell proliferation with some tumor cells revealing nuclear atypia. Immunohistochemically, the expression of vimentin (100%), S-100 (73%), nerve growth factor receptor (NGFR, 64%), and myoglobin (64%) was commonly found in MPNSTs. The two BPNSTs with atypical histologic appearances were positive for vimentin, S-100, NGFR, and neuron-specific enolase, and one of these had moderate immunoreactivity for cytokeratin. Most BPNSTs were positive for glial fibrillary acidic protein, as well as S-100 and NGFR. Although most rhabdomyosarcomas (RMSs) and canine hemangiopericytomas (CHPs) also showed focal immunoreactivity for S-100, most RMSs were intensely positive for myoglobin and negative for NGFR. Most CHPs (80%) exhibited focal alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) expression, whereas all PNSTs were negative. These results indicate that immunohistochemistry for NGFR and alpha-SMA might be useful for differentiating canine PNSTs from RMSs or CHPs, respectively.
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              Hemangiopericytoma-induced osteomalacia: tumor transplantation in nude mice causes hypophosphatemia and tumor extracts inhibit renal 25-hydroxyvitamin D 1-hydroxylase activity.

              Although more than 50 patients with the tumor-induced osteomalacia syndrome, characterized by remission of unexplained osteomalacia after resection of a coexisting tumor, have been reported, the pathogenesis of this syndrome is still not clear. We investigated the cause of biopsy-confirmed osteomalacia which was resistant to treatment with 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 in a 54-yr-old man. He had severe hypophosphatemia, a high serum alkaline phosphatase level, a low plasma 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D level, and remarkably increased urinary phosphorus excretion. A tumor, with histological characteristics of a hemangiopericytoma, was found on his left thigh. After surgical removal of this tumor, his plasma 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D and serum phosphorus levels increased to normal levels, and his bone pain subsided. The tumor was transplanted to athymic nude mice. A nodule formed in each mouse, with histological features identical to those of the original tumor, and the tumor-bearing mice had hypophosphatemia, high serum alkaline phosphatase levels, and increased urinary phosphorus excretion. When extracts of the original tumor were added to primary cultures of renal tubular cells, renal cAMP levels did not change, but 25-hydroxyvitamin D-1 alpha-hydroxylase activity was significantly inhibited. These data indicate tumoral production of some humoral factor(s) inhibiting 25-hydroxyvitamin D-1 alpha-hydroxylase activity and phosphorus reabsorption unrelated to adenylate cyclase-cAMP production in proximal renal tubules.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Vet Res Forum
                Vet Res Forum
                VRF
                Veterinary Research Forum : an International Quarterly Journal
                Urmia University Press (Urmia, Iran )
                2008-8140
                2322-3618
                Spring 2014
                : 5
                : 2
                : 157-160
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran;
                [2 ] Department of Clinical Studies, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
                Author notes
                [* ]Correspondence: Mohammad Abbaszadeh Hasiri. DVM, DVSc, Department of Clinical Studies, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran. E-mail: abbaszadeh@shirazu.ac.ir
                Article
                vrf-5-157
                4279629
                7f72f647-c940-4367-b6f8-36c28a44f667
                © 2014 Urmia University. All rights reserved.

                This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                History
                : 6 October 2012
                : 2 March 2013
                : 15 June 2014
                Categories
                Clinical Report

                dog,hemangiopericytoma,histopathology,immunohistochemistry

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