Epoprostenol, used for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), has a number of limitations related to its short half-life in aqueous solution. The aim of this study was to evaluate the stability and microbiological properties of a new formulation, namely epoprostenol sodium with arginine and mannitol excipients (epoprostenol AM; Veletri ®; Actelion Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Allschwil, Switzerland).
Stability and microbiological properties of epoprostenol AM were investigated at 5°C, 25°C, and 30°C over a range of concentrations (3000–30,000 ng/mL) when reconstituted and immediately diluted with sterile water for injection (SWI) or sterile saline (sodium chloride 0.9%) for injection (SSI). Stability (change in potency over time) for up to 72 hours at 25°C and 30°C was measured immediately following dilution and after storage at 5°C. Shelf-life was assessed by determining the maintenance of potency over time relative to initial potency. For microbiological testing, diluted samples of epoprostenol AM were inoculated with a range of bacteria, yeasts, and molds for up to 14 days at 5°C or 4 days at 25°C.
Epoprostenol AM reconstituted and immediately diluted to the required concentration with SWI or SSI was stable for up to 3 days at 25°C and up to 7 days at 5°C depending on the concentration. None of the diluted epoprostenol AM solutions supported microbial growth for any of the six organisms tested for up to 14 days.