5
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Early-Onset Breast Cancer: Effect of Diagnosis and Therapy on Fertility Concerns, Endocrine System, and Sexuality of Young Mothers in Germany

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPMC
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Background: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of breast cancer therapy on fertility concerns and sexuality of young mothers with breast cancer in Germany. Methods: During a mother-child rehabilitation program, 1,191 young mothers with locoregional primary breast cancer, treated between 2006 and 2014, were recruited. Data included sociodemographic data, TNM stage, tumor biology, therapies, and patient-reported outcomes such as sexuality and fertility concerns. Results: The mean age at diagnosis was 40 years. Approximately a quarter of the patients stated that family planning had not been completed at the time of diagnosis. Nearly half of all patients had been informed as to how treatment could affect fertility, but counseling at a specialized fertility center was offered to only 13%. Of all patients, 4% took a consultation and 2% underwent fertility preservation procedures. Conclusion: Our study indicates that only a minority of patients is referred to fertility centers although family planning is incomplete at the time of diagnosis in about 25% of young women with breast cancer. Thus, these patients should not only be informed about the effects of treatment on fertility and sexuality, but should be referred to a fertility center.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 17

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Life after breast cancer: understanding women's health-related quality of life and sexual functioning.

          To describe the health-related quality of life (HRQL), partner relationships, sexual functioning, and body image concerns of breast cancer survivors (BCS) in relation to age, menopausal status, and type of cancer treatment. A cross-sectional sample of BCS in two large metropolitan areas was invited to participate in a survey study that included the following standardized measures: the RAND 36-Item Health Survey; the Centers for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D); the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS); the Breast Cancer Prevention Trial (BCPT) Symptom Checklist; the Watts Sexual Functioning Questionnaire (WSFQ); and subscales from the Cancer Rehabilitation Evaluation System (CARES). Eight hundred sixty-four BCS completed the survey. RAND Health Survey scores were as good or better than those of healthy, age-matched women, and the frequency of depression was similar to general population samples. Marital/partner adjustment was similar to normal healthy samples, and sexual functioning mirrored that of healthy, age-matched postmenopausal women. However, these BCS reported higher rates of physical symptoms (eg, joint pains, headaches, and hot flashes) than healthy women. Sexual dysfunction occurred more frequently in women who had received chemotherapy (all ages), and in younger women who were no longer menstruating. In women > or = 50 years, tamoxifen therapy was unrelated to sexual functioning. BCS report more frequent physical and menopausal symptoms than healthy women, yet report HRQL and sexual functioning comparable to that of healthy, age-matched women. Nevertheless, some survivors still experience poorer functioning, and clinicians should inquire about common symptoms to provide symptomatic management or counseling for these women.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            Quality of life following breast-conserving therapy or mastectomy: results of a 5-year prospective study.

            There are many conflicting results in the literature comparing quality of life following breast-conserving therapy (BCT) and mastectomy. This study compared long-term quality of life between breast cancer patients treated by BCT or mastectomy in three age groups. Patients (n = 990) completed a quality of life survey, including the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Core Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30), at regular intervals over 5 years. In the cross-sectional data, mastectomy patients had significantly (p or =70 years of age reported higher body image and lifestyle scores when treated with BCT. The repeated measures analysis indicated that four functioning scores, half the symptom scores, future health, and global quality of life improved significantly (p < 0.01) over time. All these variables increased significantly for BCT patients and those 50 to 69 years of age. Body image, sexual functioning, and lifestyle disruption scores did not improve over time. BCT should be encouraged in all age groups. Coping with appearance change should be addressed in patient interventions.
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              Quality of life over 5 years in women with breast cancer after breast-conserving therapy versus mastectomy: a population-based study.

              Breast-conserving therapy (BCT) was developed to improve quality of life (QOL) in early stage breast cancer patients. Except for differences in body image, literature comparing the psychosocial sequelae of BCT with mastectomy is ambiguous and shows a lack of substantial benefits. However, knowledge regarding long term effects of treatment on QOL in breast cancer is very limited as most of the pertinent studies have been performed in the early post-operative period. Therefore we compared QOL in women with breast cancer undergoing BCT versus women undergoing mastectomy over a 5-year period following primary surgery. QOL was assessed at 1, 3, and 5 years after diagnosis in a population based cohort of 315 women with early stage breast cancer (UICC stage I-II) from Saarland (Germany) using the EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire and the breast cancer specific module BR23. Breast-conserving therapy was performed in 226 women (72%). After control for potential confounding, women with BCT reported better physical and role functioning, were sexually more active and more satisfied with their body image already at 1 year after diagnosis (all P values < 0.05). Differences in overall QOL and social functioning were gradually increasing over time and became statistically significant only at 5 years. Whereas some, very specific benefits of BCT, such as a better body image, are already visible very timely after completion of therapy, benefits in broader measures such as psychosocial well-being and overall quality of life gradually increase over time and become fully apparent only in the long run.
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                BRC
                BRC
                10.1159/issn.1661-3791
                Breast Care
                S. Karger AG
                1661-3791
                1661-3805
                2019
                March 2019
                05 September 2018
                : 14
                : 1
                : 23-29
                Affiliations
                a Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital of Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany; b Department of Urology, University Hospital of Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany; c Insitute for Social Medicine and Epidemiology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany; d Authority for Health and Consumer Protection, Hamburg Cancer Registry, Hamburg, Germany; e Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ernst von Bergmann Clinic, Potsdam, Germany
                Author notes
                *Dr. med. Telja Pursche, Klinik für Frauenheilkunde und Geburtshilfe, Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Lübeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23538 Lübeck, Germany, Telja.Pursche@uksh.de
                Article
                488795 PMC6465684 Breast Care 2019;14:23-29
                10.1159/000488795
                PMC6465684
                31019439
                © 2018 S. Karger GmbH, Freiburg

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 3, References: 27, Pages: 7
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/488795
                Categories
                Research Article

                Comments

                Comment on this article