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Ecosystem Impact of the Campanian Ignimbrite Eruption in Late Pleistocene Europe

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Quaternary Research

Elsevier BV

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      Abstract

      The dating of the Campanian Ignimbrite (CI) eruption to ∼37,000 cal yr B.P. draws attention to the coincidence of this volcanic catastrophe and the suite of coeval, Late Pleistocene biocultural changes that occurred within and outside the Mediterranean region. These included the Middle to Upper Paleolithic cultural transition and the supposed change from Neanderthal to “modern”Homo sapiensanatomy, a subject of sustained debate. No less than 150 km3of magma were extruded in the CI eruption, the signal of which can be detected in Greenland ice cores. As widespread discontinuities in archaeological sequences are observed at or following the CI event, a significant interference with ongoing human processes in Mediterranean Europe is hypothesized.

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            applab
            Quaternary Research
            Quat. res.
            Elsevier BV
            0033-5894
            1096-0287
            May 2002
            January 2017
            : 57
            : 03
            : 420-424
            10.1006/qres.2002.2331
            © 2002

            http://www.elsevier.com/tdm/userlicense/1.0/

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