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[Occurrence of encephalic and cardiac cysticercosis (Cysticercus cellulosae) in necropsy].

Revista de Saúde Pública

Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cadaver, Cardiomyopathies, epidemiology, parasitology, Cysticercosis, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Retrospective Studies, Neurocysticercosis

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      To review the incidence and pathologic findings of cysticercosis diagnosed at autopsies, with emphasis on the most common organs affected. Reports of 1.596 autopsies performed between 1974 and 1997 at a school hospital in Uberaba, MG, Brazil were studied. The following data were obtained: age, sex, ethnic group, body mass index, and the site of the cysticercosis. The study found diagnosis of cysticercosis in 53 autopsies (3.3%). The average age of patients with cysticercosis was 50 (range: 15 to 86 years); 62.3% were male, and 64.1% Caucasian. The most affected organs were: brain (79.2%), heart (22.6%), skeletal muscle (11.3%), and other organs (5.7%). No statistical differences were found comparing age, gender, ethnic group, and body mass index of the affected and the non-affected patients. In two cases of neurocysticercosis the lesions were located in the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus. Both the overall incidence of cysticercosis and the incidence of cardiac cysticercosis were greater in the study than in other autopsy series from the same geographic areas. In two cases there was an association between hypothalamic cysticercosis and obesity

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