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      Mesangial Cell Proliferation in Long-Term Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetes mellitus in the Rat and the Renoprotective Activity of Heparin

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          Abstract

          At present, it is not clear whether mesangial proliferation underlies mesangial expansion in diabetic nephropathy. To address this issue and the relationship between heparin’s renoprotective and antimitogenic activities, we studied three streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat groups 5 and 12 months after diabetes induction: two groups were administered a modified heparin, each with a different protocol, and two healthy rat groups, one of which was treated with the same heparin, served as controls. Untreated diabetic animals developed clear evidence of nephropathy, namely expansion of the glomerular extracellular matrix, as expressed by glomerular basement membrane thickening, and increased mesangial deposition of type IV collagen. These alterations were prevented/cured by heparin treatment. Kidney sections were processed immunohistochemically for proliferating cell nuclear antigen and smooth muscle α-actin which is expressed only by proliferating mesangial cells. The number of proliferating cell nuclear antigen positive nuclei and α-actin-positive cells per glomerulus did not differ between groups at both 5 and 12 months. In conclusion, there is no evidence that mesangial proliferation is increased in late experimental diabetic nephropathy, and heparin seems to be renoprotective through mechanisms other than antiproliferation.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          AJN
          Am J Nephrol
          10.1159/issn.0250-8095
          American Journal of Nephrology
          S. Karger AG
          0250-8095
          1421-9670
          1999
          August 1999
          13 August 1999
          : 19
          : 4
          : 530-534
          Affiliations
          a1st Division of Nephrology, Institute of Internal Medicine, and bInstitute of Histology, University of Padua, Italy
          Article
          13495 Am J Nephrol 1999;19:530–534
          10.1159/000013495
          10460949
          © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 2, Tables: 1, References: 26, Pages: 5
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/13495
          Categories
          Laboratory Investigation

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